Causes, symptoms and treatment lupus blood
Definition lupus blood
Systemic lupus erythematosus is rare, being at the same time an incurable disease of rheumatic nature. It causes inflammation and organ damage in different tissues of the body, and is characterized by significant changes in the clinical picture of blood.
Causes of lupus blood
Lupus refers to an autoimmune disease, this means that the body begins to produce antibodies to its own cells, thus causing damage to healthy tissues. Immune system takes tissue your body for someone else and tries to destroy them. As a result, the process involved almost all organs and systems of the body, including blood.
A role in the occurrence of lupus is withdrawn the viral infection. Very often the disease begins to appear after childbirth, abortion, emotional stress and prolonged sun exposure, frost – that is, under the influence of external environmental factors. Patients with a history of frequently traced allergies to drugs and foods in the past.
Women suffer significantly more often than men. There are known cases of disease is lupus erythematosus whole families, which suggests genetic nature of the disease. In the highest risk group includes persons who already have relatives suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus.
Symptoms of lupus blood
Lupus erythematosus is characterized by an undulating course of the disease, when the periods of remission and Wellness alternate with exacerbations, new symptoms appear and worsen inflammatory processes in various organs. Although the clinical picture can be quite varied, but there are common symptoms – chronic fatigue, swelling and tenderness of the joints, fever of unknown etiology, skin rashes and kidney failure. Lupus blood relates to rheumatic diseases, that is accompanied by lesions of the connective tissue and joint, muscle pain.
Patients with lupus of the blood is often observed anemia or leukopenia, that is, decreases the number of white and/or red blood cells. If there is a reduction of platelets, thrombocytopenia develops, which increases the risk of bleeding due to blood clotting. Some patients have increased predisposition to developing blood clots in the blood vessels.
Among other symptoms emit strong hair loss, chest pain, increasedsensitivity to solar radiation, reduction of red blood cells. When supercooling appears redness of the skin of the fingers or toes. Some patients have severe headaches, unexplained sudden dizziness, causeless depression and apathy, cramps. The signs of the disease may come on slowly, at different times, as well as new symptoms, even long after confirmation of the diagnosis.
Diagnosis lupus erythematosus blood
Diagnosis of lupus of the blood can be difficult because of the peculiarities of the disease. Symptoms can appear immediately, but some time after the onset of the disease, it is very difficult to collect them together and to compose. Therefore, the first requirement is a detailed medical history, including hereditary. Great importance in the diagnosis has an external examination of the patient.
General clinical analysis of blood allows to identify abnormalities in the blood, which determine the content of hemoglobin and count all the blood cells that consists of leukocytes, erythrocytes and platelets. Also conducted biochemical studies of blood and Wasserman, showing in lupus false positive result. Study of antinuclear antibodies giving positive titers in most patients with lupus erythematosus. Depending on the degree of manifestations of the disease and under certain assigned readings and other methods of examination.
Treatment of lupus blood
The attending physician may occasionally change the prescribing, selecting them individually with the close participation of a physician hematologist, specializes disorders of the blood. Drug therapy is used to prevent exacerbations and extending for a longer period of remission, to minimize the risk of possible complications.
When choosing a method of treatment necessarily take into account the age of the patient and his condition at the time of inspection, the clinical symptoms, age of diagnosis, and lifestyle of the patient. The sooner the patient will begin treatment, the greater the chance of avoiding irreversible pathological changes in the internal organs and systems. To achieve a positive and lasting effect patients are advised to thoroughly implement all recommendations of the attending physician and to constantly observe the designated mode.