The benefits of fenugreek
Botanical characteristics of fenugreekFenugreek is an annual plant belonging to the legume family. Stalks straight, loose and branching. On the low stems are arranged petiolate leaves with ovate-oblong leaves. Flowering plant in the beginning and in the middle of summer. Fenugreek flowers are small, located on one or two in the leaf axils. The flowers are on short stalks and are almost invisible.
The fruit fenugreek – Bob, which can be straight or curved, glabrous or pilose. Each fruit contains seeds, which ripen from 10 to 20 units. Light yellow seeds are square or rhombic. The color of the seeds may be dark brown or olive. Unripe seeds have a glossy surface, and matte on the outside of Mature.
Wild fenugreek can be seen in the Mediterranean, Central Asia and North of the Alps. Throughout Russia and around the world grow fenugreek for medicinal purposes.
The cultivation of fenugreek
Fenugreek is an early-maturing, drought-resistant and cold-resistant plant. It perfectly grows and develops on the fertile, friable and treated soil. Fenugreek does not tolerate high soil acidity. If the soil to make the lime, plant productivity will be doubled. A place for the cultivation of fenugreek should be protected from the wind. Fenugreek grows well only on the sunlit areas.
The plant is propagated by seeds. The seeds are planted in the spring in already prepared soil. For sowing seeds choose a day from April to may. Seeds submerged 1.5 cm into the soil. The distance between plants should be at least 7 cm seeds Germinate in 10 degrees of heat, but the best temperature for germination is 20-25 degrees above zero.
If the seeds are sowed thickly, then at the emergence of first two true leaves conduct thinning. The plant blooms in June and fruits ripen in the late summer – early autumn.
Before the plant begins to tie the fruit, it must be constantly watered. When start up the fruit, reduce watering slightly, and as they Mature and does stop. Fenugreek likes to grow on the cleaned from weeds the soil, so when you see them weeds permanently you need to uninstall.
The beneficial properties of fenugreekFenugreek is a diuretic, tonic and hypotensive properties. Grass reducesthe blood sugar, cholesterol, inhibits the growth of bacteria and stimulates the heart. This plant is able to dissolve the solid and the mucous membranes of the tumor. Fenugreek is used in burns and wounds. A decoction of the plant is used for ulcers present in the intestines. Fenugreek is used for heavy labor and hardening of the uterus.
Fenugreek is a good tool that is used to increase appetite. People suffering from tuberculosiswho use drugs from fenugreek, not only not losing weight, but, on the contrary, gaining weight. Fenugreek normalizes the nervous system and tones the body. The plant has regenerative action after suffering a serious operations, chronic diseases in respiratory organs and in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The use of fenugreek
Fenugreek decoction is used externally as a hot poultice to treat skin diseases such as boils and carbuncles. Inside fenugreek seeds are most often consumed as a tonic. Fenugreek is a tool which stimulates peristalsis. Grass has found application in the treatment of diabetes.
Folk medicine often uses fenugreek seed. They contain mucus, through which the seeds have a protective action on the body. If the body enough vitamin e, then fill it the amount will help the powder from ground seeds, which take 1 teaspoon before meals three times a day, drinking 50 ml of red wine.
A decoction of the seeds helps in the presence of chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the small intestine and stomach. The broth is easy to make. For its preparation you need to take 1 tablespoon of pounded seeds of the plant, pour 200 ml of boiling water and put in a water bath for 15 minutes. Strain the broth, it is necessary to bring boiling water to the original volume. Take the tool 70 ml before meals.
Tea made from fenugreek. For its preparation you need to take 2 tablespoons of crushed fenugreek and pour 200 ml of boiling water. Put the composition on the fire until boiling, and then insist 3 hours. Take this tea during colds.
A compress of fenugreek for arthritis. Take 1 tablespoon of crushed seeds pour a glass of boiling water, put on fire stew to form a slurry. The hot slurry needs to be spread out on a cloth and apply to the sore place. On the day this compress make three times. These wraps apply with festering wounds and ulcers of the lower leg.
Despite the fact that fenugreek is a medicinal plant, it cannot be applied to pregnant women. You must maintain the dosage of preparations from fenugreek.