Useful properties of multiplication and the recipes use of medicinal peony
Botanical characteristics of peonyPeony is a perennial shrub or shrub that has rough stems separate with compound leaves. More than 1 meter, the plant does not grow. Rhizome peony powerful with strong and thickened roots. The leaves of the plant can have wide or narrow lobes, they come in various colors ranging from dark green to dark purple.
Peony stands out for its large single flowers with leathery remaining Cup and beautiful petals. The flower is on top of the stem and has numerous stamens and pistils to 8. The fruit of the pion – mnogolistovka complex composition having a star shape. Each fruit is a large seed. Seeds can be either round or oval as black and black-brown.
Peony is grown throughout Russia, it is preferred to plant in gardens and parks. In addition to decorative purposes, peony is grown for medicinal use.
Reproduction of peony drug
Peony is most often propagated by division of rhizomes. This method is best suited spring and late summer. Pions from the underground part of the slowly growing, so to divide the rhizomes need to choose plants that are more than three years. Such plants will not be problems when digging and dividing their rhizomes. So, choose the peony and cut it stalks, removing around the Bush all the soil. Gently separate the roots without damaging the thin adventitious roots. Next, the separated rhizome puts on two days in a dark room with dry air for drying. During this period of time the rhizome will become stronger and free of dirt.
Now you need to take a sharp knife and divide the rhizome when it is required to ensure that each field was as much of the kidneys how many roots. The cut must be processed by the crushed coal. The site, leave for two days in a cool place. After this time the plots are planted in prepared soil.
Peony still propagated with root cuttings. For this spring you need to separate adventitious roots with a length of 1 cm Planted them in loose soil. Throughout the summer you need to water the cuttings. After 2-4 years on the roots are formed kidney regeneration.
Peony can be propagated by cutting method. You must dig up the plant so that the rhizome was on the surface, and, using a sharp shovel to cut off all the tops. Plots which had been thus obtained, it is necessaryto plant in the garden and were grown, and then transplanted them into the ground. The cut on the plant to process wood ashes. After treatment of the cut plant to fill with clean soil. Peony will be able to recover only 2 years later.
Care for peony medicinal
Care for peonies don't require much effort and knowledge. The main condition – the removal of weeds, loosening the soil, and regular watering. The plant responds well to feeding and a variety of activities for its protection. Peony prefers nitrogen and potassium fertilizers. Watering the plant should be as drying of the soil. Peony watering needs in spring, because this time he is at the stage of budding and flowering. After being produced by irrigation, it is necessary to make tilling the soil. After the flowering period should be fertilizer. Peony vase life requires that should be done carefully and attentively, leaving the plant not less than 50 % of all green leaves.
Useful properties of the pion
Have useful properties, rhizomes and seeds of plants. Due to the fact that the pion contains tannins, flavonoids and other beneficial components, preparations from this plant possess sedative, choleretic and anti-inflammatory properties. Peony has anticonvulsant and haemostatic action. The rhizome of the plant is used as a painkiller, and they have useful properties that help in cancer, diabetes, nephritis , and gynecological diseases.
The seeds of the plant have an effect on the body, due to which intensifies peristalsis of the stomach and intestinal tract.
The use of medicinal peonyPeony is not very widespread in folk medicine, but still it is used in the treatment of many diseases and to address ailments. For example, disturbed menstrual cycle will help to manage the decoction of the rhizome peony. Mothers who produce an adequate amount of milk in the breast, also recommended a decoction of the rhizomes.
Peony has expectorant, diuretic and improves appetite properties. It is recommended for use ulcer stomach, cancer of the stomach or spastic colitis. A decoction of the rhizomes of the plant helps in the treatment of tuberculosis, colds, pneumonia and bronchitis. Drugs peony is used as a diaphoretic and disinfectant. From the roots to make a powder, which is included inpart of ointments for wound healing and treatment of fracture.
Tincture of peony root is recommended in insomnia, increased excitability of the nervous system and other disorders in the nervous system. The drug has a calming effect.
Decoction of peony in epilepsy. Take 30 grams of dried rhizomes and grind them. Next, fill the powder of the roots 4 cups of water, put on fire to boil, then remove from heat and strain. Chilled decoction take 100 ml three times a day. The same medication can be treated in the event of spasms of the digestive tract, gout, and nervous excitability. The course of treatment is 30 days, then make a break for 15-20 days and repeat the course again.
Tincture of a peony. For its preparation you need to take 10 grams of plant roots and pour 100 ml of vodka. Leave to infuse for 2 weeks. Strain the finished tincture, it take 30 or 40 drops, diluted with a little water, three times a day.
Contraindications to the use of peony
Preparations made from the peony must be used in proper doses as a large dose of their use can lead to poisoning.