Useful properties and applications mulberry
Botanical characteristics of mulberryMulberry – mulberry plant family, deciduous tree with alternate, simple, lobed, toothed on the edge leaves. Flowers sessile, in spikes in the axils, reminiscent of blackberries. Flowers appear in may and June, they are barely visible in the thick foliage. The fruit is complex, fleshy, white, red or dark purple in color, has a pleasant, fragrant smell and sweet taste. The home of mulberry is Persia. Common different types of mulberry in Asia, Africa, North America, Russia, on Sakhalin.
The plant can be seen on the island of Moneron, and the Kuril Islands, Belarus, Ukraine, Armenia, Moldova, Europe. In the first years of life the tree grows very quickly, as they get older the growth slows down, the height of adult plants ranges from 10 to 15 meters. Leaves white mulberry are commonly used for nutrition of larvae of the silkworm. In the South of Russia, in Ukraine cultivated two kinds of mulberry – white and black. Wood is a valuable material: due to the high strength, elasticity, lightness of the wood it is suitable for the production of musical instruments used in cooperage and carpentry crafts.
The beneficial properties of mulberry
In Mature fruits of mulberry plant contains the antioxidant resveratrol. This substance protects the plant against different types of parasites, bacteria, and fungi. The fruit consists of 85 g of water, the ash, fats, carbohydrates, dietary fiber. Rich berries and vitamins A, B1, K, PP, v3. Present Riboflavin, Pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid, tocopherol, ascorbic acid, choline. The excellent healing qualities of the plants is determined by the availability of macronutrients – potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus.
The biochemical processes of the body normalized by absorbed by eating delicious and healthy berries trace minerals such as iron, manganese, copper, zinc and selenium. The seeds of the plant found fatty oil. Although mulberry fruit sweet to the taste, in calories it can be a great ingredient in the diet for those who want to become slim. Calorie mulberry is about 49 kcal per 100 g For treatment use all parts of the tree – roots, bark, leaves and fruits. The raw mulberry silk is a perfect natural antiseptic, can be used as anti-inflammatory, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic, astringent remedy.
The use of mulberry
Mulberry has a number of advantages. It is used in the production of sugar, citric acid and vinegar. In the nationalmedicine is a unique plant may bring tangible benefits in the treatment of many diseases. Berries, fully ripe, are an excellent laxative, suited for constipation. Green fruit is used for diarrhea. Juice, diluted with boiled water, used for rinsing of the oral cavity in diseases of the throat. The infusion of the bark and berries of the mulberry is effective for colds, bronchitis, bronchial asthma.
As a diuretic decoctions of bark and roots is used in hypertension. Leaves insist and accept infusions for fever to reduce temperature. It is recommended the use of berries in large quantity cardiac and myocardiodystrophy – 300 g 4 times a day for a month is enough to eliminate the symptoms of such serious diseases. Made from the bark of the medicinal powder, and mixed with butter, it turns out the remedy for healing wounds, cuts, ulcers. This ointment quickly eliminates bruising.
Prescription ointments: 750 grams of vegetable oil and 2 tablespoons of the powder from the bark or root of black mulberry mix until smooth.
A decoction of the branches of the mulberry: 3-4 pieces of young branches, cut into 2-3 cm and dried in the shade, pour two cups of water, boil 10 minutes, insist 2 hours and take 1/4 Cup a day, divided into equal portions. The course of treatment is 3 to 4 weeks break 2 weeks.
Mulberries delicate, unfit for long term storage of fresh. They have different colors. The red mulberry is native to North America has a strong flavor and a sweet and sour taste. It is useful for cleansing the blood, liver disease. Mulberry black color is also endowed with gorgeous, attractive aroma and same taste. White mulberries, which is native to Eastern Asia, are characterized by a weak concentration of odor and sweet taste.
Berries are good to take in diseases of the nervous system. Juicy, fleshy berry of the mulberry is used to make compotes, jams. The fruits are used in fresh, dried and canned form when the biliary dyskinesia, edema, occurring in cardiac and renal problems, for the prevention of beriberi, inflammatory processes of different origin.
Tincture berries: you need to mash 2 tablespoons berries pour 250 grams of boiling water, to insist 4 hours, strain. Make the tool recommended 4 times a day for 1/2 Cup.
Cultivation of mulberry
Mulberry is easily grown, simplicity allows you to plant it in any soil. The plant likes moderate watering and mulching of the soil. The tree tolerates pruning well, this leads to the fact that the crown becomes more dense and globular shape. In winter don't need no shelter, mulberry stoically withstand frosts. In the summer it can easily withstand drought. Mulberry is propagated by cuttings, seed or by separation of the suckers from the parent plant.
Mulberry leavesMulberry leaves – the favorite food of the silkworm-tucovica, excellent raw materials for decoctions and infusions recommended for gastro-intestinal problems, inflammation of the lungs and bronchi. They are used for gargling. The infusion of the mulberry leaf used for lowering blood sugar in the diabetes, to lower blood pressure.
The infusion of the leaves and fruit: 2 tablespoons of crushed leaves and berries of the mulberry you want to pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for 4-5 hours. 60 grams of infusion should be consumed with mild diabetes 3-4 times a day before or after a meal.
Mulberry obtained a useful means treatment that is indicated for rheumatism, cutaneous tuberculosis, eczema.
Varieties of mulberry
Gardeners-professionals derived fruit, feed and decorative mulberry varieties. There are about 400 varieties of plants. Fruit varieties are white and black mulberry: "Snow white", "Dean", "Masha", "hope", "black-browed". Fodder wheat varieties: "Ukrainian 5", "6 Ukrainian", "Ukrainian 7", "slobozhanskaya 1", "Meretsky". Ornamental varieties are: Aurea, Laciniata, English, Pendula, Pyramidalis.
The root of mulberry
The roots of the mulberry tree can be used for the treatment of various pathologies of organs and dysfunction of systems of the human body.
Infusion of root bark: one teaspoon raw materials must be steamed for two hours in one Cup of boiled water. After this infusion should strain and ingest one tablespoon 3 times a day, in bronchial asthma, bronchitis, hypertension. This infusion eliminates the pain in the stomach and intestines.
Mulberry trees are grown using seeds in order to obtain rootstocks and for breeding purposes.Usually use the seeds of the white mulberry. Seeds is isolated by rubbing the fruit in water: they sink to the bottom. Then they are washed several times and dried. You can also crush the berries on the paper pulp dries, the seeds soskablivanija. Sow the seeds in early spring in full sun, pre-strategicreview or soak in water for a few days.
The depth for planting should be 0.5–1 cm landing cover film to the first shoots. Seedlings need to be watered often, or spray from a spray. When they get stronger, about the middle of July applied fertilizer nitrate. Only two year old seedlings can be transplanted to their permanent place.
The mulberry syrup
Black mulberry is used to prepare the syrup, which has anti-inflammatory effect in pharyngitis, stomatitis, laryngitis. It can be used for the treatment of herpes. It has astringent and sedative properties. Its styptic properties help with post-partum and uterine bleeding. This syrup strengthens the body in urticaria and scarlet fever.
The recipe for the syrup: juice of mulberries is evaporated to the consistency of thick syrup, about a third of the volume.
After the juice is drained, the resulting pulp is left to ferment. The resulting mass is used for the treatment of the joints and neuralgia, by applying topically.
The bark of the mulberry
The bark of the mulberry has the ability to reduce inflammation, helps with dysentery. reception broth is recommended for tumors in the oral cavity. The bark is harvested during the period of Bud swelling, at this time there is intense movement juices. Cut materials are dried for two days in the sun, be dried in the shade and stored in cotton bags.
Tincture from the bark of: 1 teaspoon of powdered bark of the root should be scalded with boiling water and take a tablespoon three times a day, sick with bronchitis, asthma and hypertension.
Sweet and slightly sour taste of the berries of the white mulberry is an excellent dietary product with a low content of calories. Leaves, fruits, bark in dry form can be used for infusions and decoctions, after drying, retains all the useful properties. Obtained from the leaves vitamin tea, which is useful in epilepsy.
White mulberry has a beneficial effect on the heart, liver.
The black mulberry is cultivated in the Ukraine and in southern Russia as a fruit tree. Happens this kind of mulberry of Iran, Afghanistan, India, where it has long been known usefulthe properties of this plant. Cultivated black mulberry in order to use it as food for the larvae of the silkworm. Fragrant juice of the fruit quenches thirst, increases sweating for colds.
Contraindications to the use of mulberry
Not recommended after ingestion of fresh fruits of mulberry to drink cold water – this can cause stomach upset, bloating. Diabetics and hypertensive patients can eat the berries in large quantities due to the fact that may increase the level of blood sugar and blood pressure.