Magnesia to reduce the pressure
Magnesia to reduce the pressure used in cardiology practice for quite a long time. This drug provides rapid vasodilation, whereby blood pressure is reduced.
Hypertension is a leading problem of cardiologists around the world. High blood pressure is accompanied by over 50 different diseases. In 1% of cases of hypertension leads to the development of hypertension, which also shows the introduction of Magnesium sulfate.
Magnesia is used to reduce blood pressure, as the drug contributes to the development of the following effects:
- Expands the lumen of the coronary arteries by relaxing their muscular walls.
- Reduces spasm of the blood vessels.
- Normalizes heart rhythm.
- It reduces peripheral vascular resistance.
- Reduces platelet aggregation.
- Has a diuretic effect.
- Has a sedative effect.
The most effective use of magnesium sulfate in a bi-directional ventricular tachycardia type "pirouette".
The content of the article:
Intramuscular administration of magnesia to reduce the pressure
To lower blood pressure used 1 ampoule of a solution of 25% concentration in a volume of 10 ml. because intramuscular injection is quite painful magnesia is combined with Procaine or Lidocaine. You can pre-inject pain medication, then enter the magnesia, or mix both in one syringe. One vial of magnesia take one ampoule of Novocaine.
The procedure of introduction of magnesia to reduce blood pressure is performed as follows:
- The patient is placed on the stomach or side.
- The needle is introduced into the upper part of the buttocks, whichis located away from the axis of the body. Pre-skin area carefully treated with alcohol solution.
- It is important to inject the drug slowly. The entire procedure can take less than 2 minutes.
- The needle needs to enter deeply into the soft tissue. It is administered at the right angle.
When using magnesia in the form of injections, it must be remembered that there is an increased risk of infiltrates. For elderly patients should use the drug in a reduced dose, as they have a reduced efficiency of the kidneys.
It should be understood that intramuscular administration of magnesia at elevated pressure has very little effect, especially when it comes to hypertensive crisis. Sometimes intramuscular magnesia practicing in a hospital with persistent high blood pressurethat is not relieved by other drugs. The effect will be visible, but most often it is minor. Therefore, the majority of doctors today refuse to use this drug to reduce blood pressure, especially if we are talking about intramuscular injections. However, in the Arsenal of ambulance this drug is always present.
Intravenous magnesia to reduce the pressure
Systemic effects after intravenous administration of magnesia is achieved almost instantly. Cardiologists prescribe medication if hypertensive crisis, myocardial infarction, complex treatment regimen angina, arrhythmia. Most often, these conditions are accompanied by increased blood pressure.
Dose must be specified taking into account the therapeutic effect and the concentration of magnesium ions in blood serum. As a rule, for the relief of hypertensive crisis the drug is administered intravenously very slowly. The dosage is from 5 to 20 ml of a 25% solution of magnesia. Introduced magnesia inkjet, for 5-7 minutes.
The introduction of the drug at a higher speed will lead to the fact that there can be such complications as:
- Increased sweating;
- The depression of the respiratory center;
- The feeling of heat.
If the patient has such complaints, the rate of administration should be reduced. Pressure intravenousthe introduction will be reduced almost immediately. The effect will be maintained for half an hour. During this time the patient is taken to the hospital cardiology Department where a decision will be made about further treatment.
When magnesia cannot be used
Like any other medication, magnesium cannot always be used to reduce the pressure.
Contraindications to the use of the drug are:
- Atrioventricular block 1-3 degree.
- The presence of hypersensitivity to magnesia in a patient.
- Low blood pressure.
- Any condition of the body associated with calcium deficiency.
- Inhibition of respiratory function.
- The period two hours before the onset of labour.
- Any disease of the respiratory system.
- Acute illness of the digestive tract.
With caution is prescribed magnesium for the elderly, pregnant and lactating women, and children. You should note that in case of hypertensive crisis the drug is auxiliary, not the main tool used for the relief of the attack.
Features of the use of magnesia to reduce the pressure
Do not confuse the treatment of high blood pressure and symptoms of hypertensive crisis, which must be removed. Hypertension is a disease that needs constant treatment. Temporary relief of symptoms of high blood pressure will not relieve a person from health problems. Disease after use of magnesia disappears.
Over pressure after the introduction of the magnesia is reduced, and sometimes very strongly. However, after a few hours it will rise again. Therefore, it is not recommended to use magnesium for the treatment of hypertension. It is very dangerous to make such injection on the night as the pressure rise, the patient will happen in the morning. This, in turn, leads to the development ofheart failure. Therefore, the treatment of high blood pressure with magnesium is not carried out. With its help, provide emergency aid in hypertensive crisis.
So, within hours the patient must reduce the pressure when the following emergencies that arise in hypertensive crisis:
- Acute aortic dissection;
- Hypertensive encephalopathy;
- Acute left ventricular failure;
Acute heart attack or stroke in the brain;
- Hypertension in intracerebral hemorrhage, etc.
Moreover, the magnesia in this case is used as an auxiliary, not as a primary drug (Nitroglycerin, Esmolol, Labetalol, etc.).
So, if a person several times a year, the blood pressure increases sharply, it is necessary to visit a cardiologist and pass a comprehensive examination. The independent use of magnesia to reduce pressure is unacceptable, as you can cause serious damage to your health.
The danger of using milk of magnesia
Magnesium is a medication which can be prescribed only by a doctor.
Magnesium sulfate has a vast list of side effects, many of which are quite dangerous:
- Shortness of breath;
- Respiratory depression;
- Weakening of reflexes;
- Circulatory failure;
- The increase in body temperature;
- Blood pressure drop to low values.
- Atony of the uterus;
- Speech disorders;
- Cardiac arrest, etc.
Not less than threat an overdose, which manifests itself in the absence of the knee reflex, nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression, lowering of blood pressure. Cropped magnesia overdose intravenous solution of calcium chloride or calcium gluconate in the amount of 5-10 ml. Therefore, the procedure to reduce the pressure using magnesia may be held excluded under medical supervision.