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Elevated and lowered triglitseridy

What are triglycerides?

As you know,




To 10

0,34 — 1,13

Of 0.40 to 1.24

10 — 15

0,36 — 1,41

0,42 — 1,48

15 — 20

The 0.45 to 1.81

0,40 — 1,53

20 — 25

0,50 — 2,27

0,41 — 1,48

25 — 30

0,52 — of 2.81

Of 0.42 to 1.63

30 — 35

0,56 — 3,01

0,44 — 1,70

35 — 40

0,61 — 3,62

0,45 is 1.99

40 — 45

0,62 — 3,61

0,51 — 2,16

45 — 50

0,65 — 3,70

0,52 — 2,42

50 — 55

Of 0.65 to 3.61

Of 0.59 2.63 in

55 — 60

0,65 — 3,23

0,62 — 2,96

60 — 65

0,65 — 3,29

0,63 — 2,70

65 — 70

0,62 — 2,94

0,68 — of 2.71

Units: mmol/L.

Alternative units: mg/DL = mg/100ml =mg%

Conversion factors:

mg/DL x 0,0113 =

Triglycerides increased

If a person's triglycerides are higher than normal, then this may indicate possible diseases such as: hypertension, myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis, chronic renal failure, thrombosis of brain vessels, viral hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, obesity, gout, thalassemia, down syndrome, impaired glucose tolerance,hypercalcemia, neurotic anorexia, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, acute and chronic pancreatitisand alcoholism.

Higher than normal triglycerides may also be increased due to intake of oral contraceptives, various medications sex hormones, as well as during pregnancy.

Triglycerides lowered

Observe triglycerides lower it is possible under such human conditions as diseases of the lungs (referred to chronic lung disease), cerebral infarction, hyperthyroidism, lesions of the parenchyma (renal tissue), myasthenia gravis, lack of nutrition, trauma, burns, or if you take vitamin C.

How to reduce triglycerides in the blood?

Products that reduce the level of triglycerides

Revising your diet can be natural and uncomplicated way to get rid of excess triglycerides. Help us seafood and fish: they contain not only valuable proteins and amino acids, but also familiar to all from childhood cod liver oil. What is he so useful? Scientists of the University of Oregon "planted" a group of people with elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood of fish. Every day the subjects ate 210 grams of salmon or other fatty fish. As a result, for several months of the experiment all participants triglycerides dropped by about 50%.

At the University of Washington decided to try the seafood, people were offered twice a day to eat crabs, clams and oysters. It is best proved to shellfish, they were able to reduce the level of triglycerides in the blood of subjects 61%. Oysters also showed a good efficiency of 51%, crabs are more modest at 23%.

If you don't like seafood or are allergic to them, don't despair: the usual garlic, and dried beans can help you to reduce the amount of triglycerides in the blood according to various sources, 13-25%. But the most reasonable solution is a thorough revision of their menu and the exclusion from the diet foods that increase the level of dangerous triglycerides:

  • Refined sugar;
  • Flour products, cakes, pastries;
  • Bacon, wieners, smoked sausage, bacon, brisket;
  • Powder juices and sweet drinks;
  • Alcohol.

Drugs to reduce triglycerides in the blood

Sometimes the revision of the diet does not help with the problem, or these measures are not enough. If the patient's age andoverweight, often have to resort to medication. Here are the most effective medicines that help to reduce triglycerides:

  • Fibrates – organic compounds from the group of carboxylic acids having amphipathicity effect, that is, attracts like the water molecules and fat molecules. receiving fibrates can lower triglycerides and raise HDL levels by suppressing the secretion of the liver particles that carry triglycerides;
  • Nicotinic acid – Niacin, also applies to organic carboxylic acids, and has the same principle. Niacin inhibits the production of liver particles-transporters low-density lipoprotein, also strongly increases the level of "good" cholesterol;
  • Omega-3 fatty acids in high doses rapidly reduces the level of triglycerides, sold in a pharmacy in the form of a transparent capsule with fish oil. Very effective, affordable;
  • Statins – atorvastatin, lovastatin, fluvastatin, pitavastatin, rosuvastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin. This group of drugs are designed not so much to reduce triglycerides how to combat "bad" cholesterol. Statins block the activity of HMG-COA reductase – an enzyme involved in making cholesterol.

Possible side effects

Keep in mind that fibrates is not recommended to take in conjunction with statins it can cause muscle damage. In addition, fibrates are often the cause of digestive disorders, pains in the liver and biliary colic. Nicotinic acid relatively harmless, but in case of overdose, can cause breathing problems, abdominal pain, dizziness and yellowness of the skin. Omega-3 fatty acids you need to consume sparingly, because in large quantities they thin the blood, lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels, interfere with the normal functioning of the liver and even suppress the psyche.

Prevent high triglycerides

Instead of having to wrestle with the solution to the problem, it is better to prevent its occurrence. Adhering to certain rules of nutrition, you can protect yourself from the harmful effects of excess triglycerides and to preserve good health:

  • Limit consumption of sweet and starchy foods. Instead of cakes and sweets for dessert, eat fresh fruit, berries and lightyogurt;
  • Do not abuse alcohol, especially beer and wine;
  • At least twice a week, eat fatty fish (salmon, salmon) and seafood (squid, shrimp, crab, mussels, oysters);
  • Provide the body with an adequate amount of fiber: eat more vegetables and products from a flour of a rough grinding;
  • Replace some animal protein with vegetable: eat beans, beans, soy, tofu;

  • Prefer sweet fruits and berries, rich in fructose (grapes, peaches, melons, bananas) more acidic (green apples, oranges, strawberries, blueberries). A day is enough to 50-100 grams of fruit sugar, no longer need;

  • How often eat meat products: sausages, sausages, sausages, bacon, smoked sausage. Keep in mind that even lean a doctoral sausage may contain up to 30% of harmful animal fat;
  • Cook food yourself, choosing the healthiest cooking methods: oven, grill, steamer;
  • Use for cooking and in salad dressings vegetable oil of the highest quality, best olive.