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Extent of periodontitis. Causes and symptoms

What is the periodontium?

Periodontitis is a complex infectious disease of the periodontium, in this disease is bleeding gums with the formation of abscesses and ulcers. The consequence of infection in the root system of the teeth is the enlargement of the gaps between the teeth and their loss. Periodontitis is not an independent disease, usually it appears due to problems in the endocrine system. Therefore, the periodontitis is treated comprehensively. Patient and diligent treatment will give good results: after recovery, the normalization of thyroid hormones and cure chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis and other diseases, as a rule, there comes a certain remission of periodontitis. Along with therapeutic treatment and is used purely dental diseases, like gum massage.

The cause of periodontitis

The main cause of periodontitis is considered to be bacterial plaque, which all the time is created on the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns into Tartar. Then comes the destruction of the tissues that hold the tooth. The result is a gap between the tooth and gum, which begins to become clogged plaque. The root of the tooth, being under constant pressure from the destructive forces of tooth decay, begins with time to move. The more the disease started, the more likely that the teeth will fall out. Therefore, never start the dental treatment, even if you don't like dentists: there are quite painless and effective treatment of the teeth and dental treatment folk remedies.

If plaque destroys only the mucous, the disease is called gingivitis. This is the first stage of periodontal disease. More advanced stages is called a dental periodontitis.

The symptoms of periodontitis

Periodontitis mild: you have itching, throbbing in the gums, bad breath, discomfort when chewing.

Periodontitis of moderate severity: a supporting apparatus of the tooth starts to become loose, mobile teeth, increased tooth sensitivity. The gums often bleed, especially during brushing, swollen, inflamed.

Severe periodontitisdegree: a pronounced pain syndrome. There is a malaise, increased body temperature, chewing becomes more difficult. Teeth with severely displaced from their ranks, and some begin to fall.


Periodontitis is usually determined by the depth of periodontal pockets, the degree of resorption of the bone and mobility of teeth.

Periodontitis easy degree is characterised by a lack of mobility in the teeth, depth of periodontal pocket up to 3.5 mm. the Height of the interdental partitions is reduced by the amount not exceeding 1/3 their length.

Periodontitis of moderate severity is characterized by the presence of mobility in the teeth 1-2 degrees, the result is teeth can shift, creating gaps. The depth of periodontal pockets up to 5 mm, it is leaking pus. The height of the interdental partitions is reduced to 1/2 of their length.

The periodontitis is characterized by the presence of 2-3-th degree of mobility of the teeth, which is why there is a complete defect of dentition. There is constant suppuration from the periodontal pocket whose depth is already 6 mm. the Height of the interdental partitions is reduced by more than 1/2 their length.