How to bring down the temperature of an adult at home
Immediately it is worth noting that "normal body temperature" - a measure of the individual, and for each person it can be own. Naturally, the body temperature depends on health. It can be increased in some diseases (endocrine and vascular) and under the influence of infections.
With is average. For some, it may be normal, and for someone already advanced. In the area of the hypothalamus is the thermoregulation center, which immediately responds to the condition of the blood vessels, insufficient or excessive hormone levels and the appearance of alien protein substances in the circulatory system (these substances are waste products of microbes). Make the decision to knock or not to knock down a high temperature only in the case if you have established the cause of her jump. Indeed, in the case of infection the rise in temperature stimulates the body's defenses, and he begins to fight the disease. Most often, an adult can easily tolerate temperatures up to 38.5 °C.
Knock temperature – does not mean to get rid of the disease. Make antipyretic should only at a temperature of 39 °C or higher and if the patient does not tolerate the heat. In any case, it is best to consult a doctor who will determine the cause of elevated temperature and choose an appropriate course of treatment.
If, however, there is a need to bring down the temperature alone, choose a single-component drugs. Adults are recommended to receive funding based on paracetamol or ibuprofen ("Paracetamol", "Panadol"or"Nurofen"). It is not necessary to prefer popular today, multicomponent drugs, the paracetamol in which only one of the constituents ("Farmcare", "Coldrex"or"Theraflu", etc.). Also should be wary to take acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and the aspirin. Today, the numerous side effects from these drugs, so in many countries they have already withdrawn from sale.
The content of the article:
Do I need to bring the temperature down?
If you have the fever is a sign that the body fights disease. It begins to produce a special substance interferon. If you are taking an antipyretic, and temperature artificially reproduced inthe norm, then the production of interferon is suppressed, and resistance of the body decreases.
Sometimes low-skilled physicians prescribed antipyretics to the patient, and then prescribe immunomodulators to stimulate the production of interferon. The result is an absurd situation: the first suppressed the natural production of the substance by the organism, and then it is artificially stimulated by drugs. Therefore, if you normally carry the fever, and she kept within 38,5 ° C, it is not necessary to shoot it down, give the body the opportunity to cope with the disease.
Harmless to the human body is temperature to 38 to 38.5°C. But in some cases it should alert: if the temperature rise you are experiencing or previously at least once was observed convulsions, if you can't tolerate high temperatures due to chronic illness or other characteristics of the organism if the temperature rise caused by bacterial infection. Thus, if the temperature is accompanied by cramps, vomiting, nausea, strong headache, appears on the background of comorbidities or higher than the threshold of 39°C, it is necessary to take urgent measures to bring her back to normal.
Especially careful need to be for those people who suffer endocrine diseases, disorders of the circulatory or cardiovascular system. They need time to bring down even the not too high temperature, as it can exacerbate ongoing disease leading to serious health problems.
If you do not have the above health problems, and there is a strong deterioration of health, then you can first try to reduce the temperature by using physiological methods: cold compress large blood vessels, the body with a cool sponge, air baths and wrap or wrap with vinegar (the latter is not recommended for diabetes). In addition, you can replace the antipyretics of pharmacy people's recipes (tea with honey and raspberries, plenty of warm drinks, herbal teas and decoctions, etc.).
Why not bring down the temperature of Agulov A. T.
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First and foremost, you must drink hot tea with honey, lemon, raspberry or currant. If you then start active perspiration, and soon the temperature begins to drop. If no positive changes after a hot drink is not forthcoming, then move on to more action.
Remove excess clothing, wipe the body with vodka or alcohol. After that you need some time to lie down without a blanket, even for a person with high fever it can be hard. Even if I feel cold, need to withstand at least five to ten minutes. At this time, from the body surface to evaporate the alcohol, and the temperature very soon will start to decrease. If you RUB the body with alcohol, and then will be covered with a blanket or a sheet, the effect will be the opposite: the body will heat up and the condition will only worsen.
In that case, if the hot tea, rubbing and air baths did not help, then it's time to turn to antipyretic. But before that let us consider some basic principles of home treatment.
What else can bring the temperature down at home?
Drink more water. Fever quickly leads to dehydration, so it's important to drink simple or mineral water at room temperature as often as possible. But the use of different drinks with a high sugar content is on the period of illness to minimize.
- Compresses and wraps. Type in a simple basin cool water or a decoction of yarrow and a good wet cotton cloth or towel. The decoction is prepared as follows: take two tablespoons of herbs into an enamel, glass or porcelain pot, pour water at room temperature and place in a water bath. Heat the mixture for fifteen minutes, stirring occasionally. Express the resulting broth to cool, and then strain through cheesecloth. Similarly you can prepare a decoction of mint. It should dampen a Terry napkin, then slightly wring out and apply to wrists, temples, forehead, and inguinal folds. Change the compresses every ten minutes until the body temperature returns to normal.
- The hypertonic solution.The tool is very effective at high temperatures, is perfect not only for adults but also for children. In a glass of warm boiled water, take two tea spoon of salt and thoroughly mix until dissolved. This solution prevents absorption of water, and she, along with the stool excreted from the body. The dosage of the solution depends on age: children from six months to a year and a half – 70-100 ml, two to three years – 200 ml, preschoolers and children of primary school age – 300-400 ml, teenagers and adults should take 700-800 ml.
- Enema with a decoction of chamomile. Especially recommended for those who suffer from any disease of the intestinal tract. In this case, the enema will not only help to bring down the temperature, but will also clean the intestines and provide the medical and anti-inflammatory effect. Chamomile tea is prepared as follows: one Cup of hot boiled water pour four tablespoons of dried flowers, cover and fifteen minutes, heat on a water bath. When the infusion has cooled, strain it through cheesecloth and add water to obtain a volume of two hundred milliliters. If the enema is intended for a child, you need to add two hundred milliliters of vegetable oil, if for a teenager or adult, then add two tablespoons of oil.
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What are the drugs to bring down the temperature?
The most safe and effective antipyretic drugs today are ibuprofen and paracetamol. The dosage is calculated as follows: 10 mg per kilogram of body weight of ibuprofen and 15 mg per kilogram for acetaminophen. Today, on the basis of these drugs made a lot of pharmaceuticals and you can choose the most suitable option.
Preparations of paracetamol
- Motrin (children's)
- Aspirin UPSA
- Gaspin A. S. K.
- New Asper
- Upsarin UPSA
- H. L. Payne
- Will ahronim
If the child is vomiting. Very often on the background of a high temperature patient has a gag reflex that prevents to take drugs in the form ofpills or capsules. In this situation, you should pay attention to rectal suppositories, which solve the problem and will help to quickly bring down the fever. It is best to use candles with paracetamol or ibuprofen, because they are more effective compared to oral pills. If such aid were not available, then take antipyretic tablets, crush them into powder and stir in half a glass of warm boiled water. When the tablet is completely dissolved, this solution needs an enema.
! Candles and enemas are almost instantly, though not everyone likes such procedures. If after taking the tablets or capsules should take some time before you will feel improvement in health when using candles medicinal substances are quickly absorbed through the intestinal wall and begin to act immediately. Especially good are these tools if the high temperature for a long time you haven't eaten, as this will help to avoid irritation of the stomach, which causes pain and stinging.
The best effect to reduce the very high temperatures under long-term observations have the following medications:
- Suppositories Nurofen;
- Suppositories Viburkol;
- Suppositories The Set N;
Soluble tablets Efferalgan;
- Syrup, powder or pill Nimesulide (Nimesil, Nise, NIMULID, etc.)
When all necessary steps are taken, the patient is recommended to go to bed and try to sleep (before that, it is advisable ventilate the room to a temperature of 18-20 degrees). And most importantly: even if you managed to bring down a high temperature, be sure to consult your doctor to find out what it was called.
Pregnant women and children under 15 years recommended for use as an antipyretic paracetamol. Not only does it quickly throw heat, but also has analgesic effect, thereby improving overall health. The temperature decreases gradually, and then for a long time keeps the normal performance. It is recommended to take paracetamol one pill every six hours.
For kids paracetamol is not always sufficiently effective, because it acts gradually, and there is often a need in a very short time to bring the temperature down. In this case, instead of paracetamol to give your child ibuprofen. He acts quickly with a long lasting result, has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Taking the drug can be no more than 4 times a day. Adults, if necessary, you can increase the dose tothe two pills.
How quickly to bring down the temperature in an adult?
Effectively intramuscular "lytic" mixture - 2 ml. analgin + 2 ml of diphenhydramine. If you do not have these funds, you can call the ambulance, they give you a shot.
Alternatively, it is possible to simultaneously use analgin, aspirin and paracetamol! But it is very harmful to the body.
If you do not help none of the methods, we urgently need to call an ambulance. High temperature, if not down, can be very dangerous. It can cause cramping and spasm of the vessels, which, though in rare cases, fraught with respiratory failure and fatal outcome.