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Neurology is the branch of medicine that studies the human nervous system. Its features and complex structure that dictates its approach to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the identified pathology. Due to the nerve endings, which are equipped with all the organs, the person receives the information necessary for normal, full life. The slightest deviation and inflammatory processes in this coordinated system of the body lead to dangerous diseases and complications. They can be triggered by stress, fatigue, sedentary lifestyle and other causes. To solve problems and prevent neurological diseases help neurologists.

Neurology is very closely associated with neurosurgery, Pediatrics and psychiatry. These branches of medicine have a lot in common and very often the treatment is complex, the interaction of doctors. Neurologists spetsializiruyutsya on the so-called nervous diseases, examine them, diagnose and choose the best treatment options. The doctors of this profile help with depression and nervousness, but the main object of study of neuroscience are functional, degenerative, inflammatory and vascular lesions of the nervous system. This area of medicine is at the crossroads of several specialties.

Many doctors before to put the final diagnosis, patients are sent to the office of the neurologist. The services of this expert need thousands of patients. To neurologists turn when entering Universities, in employment, in cases where you require help, examination and medical opinion. This is a very popular specialty in medical practice. What and how neurologists treat, what is the feature of this profession and when to contact the professionals of this profile? Let's try to understand these questions.

The content of the article:

What does the neurologist?

Certified neurologist, undergone specialized training, knows the structure and features of the Central nervous system (CNS). It is able to recognize the characteristic symptoms, conduct the necessary tests, make diagnoses and prescribe treatment.

To realize themselves in this field of medicine and become a neurologist you need tomedical education in the specialty "medical business"or"Pediatrics". To Supplement the graduate education required by the internship. It gives the right to independently conduct medical activities and confirms the qualifications of the specialist in the field of neurology.

Diseases associated with disorders of the nervous and peripheral systems very much. The neurologist needs to know the specifics of each. Usually disorders are associated with emerging infectious inflammation of the brain and malfunction of biological neural connections. The most common neurological diseases are migraine, strokes, neuritis, tumor formation, seizures, encephalopathy (see also: causes and symptoms of encephalopathy).

Among neurologists there is a separate category of specialists whose activities are connected exclusively with children's issues neuralgic character. The nervous system of children differs from the adult. Many of the chronic illnesses develop at a young age, occur quite difficult and dangerous. One such serious diseases is epilepsy. Children with disabilities and obvious signs of disturbance of the nervous system need special medical attention and monitoring. Different and treatment approaches, all this confirms the validity of the existence of child neurology as a separate field of medicine.

Diseases are treated by a neurologist

In neurologic diseases has its own peculiarities. In most cases, they are accompanied by numerous symptoms. This is a complex of symptoms and manifestations that can be caused by a variety of reasons.

Select pathological States, which belong to the competence of the neurologist:

  • Headache, facial pain (migraines, nervous tics, tremor, bell palsy, etc.);
  • Convulsive status epileptic seizures, disturbance of consciousness;
  • Pain in the back (gryzenia education, radiculitis, osteochondrosis, etc.);
  • The stroke and its consequences;
  • Injuries, effects of back injuries and head;
  • Alzheimer's Disease;
  • Vegetovascular dystonia;
  • Parkinson's disease, etc.

On reception at the neurologist

An appointment with a neurologist traditionallybegins with a survey of the patient and determine complaints. To obtain the most accurate clinical picture and to avoid mistakes in the diagnosis, the patient must help the doctor to describe in detail their state, tell you about symptoms that worsen health, their regularity and severity.

A neurologist certainly studied history and conduct an examination. If the data for diagnosis are insufficient, can be assigned additional research. The aim of the physician to obtain a clear and correct idea of the work and the state of the human nervous system. To do this, examined all of its divisions, from muscles to brain. Study the patient's reflexes, coordination, gait, cranial nerves, etc. Such a comprehensive approach gives the opportunity to identify anatomical features of the body and appoint the best treatment option. It can be conservative and surgical. All individually, the choice of treatment strategy depends on the type of disease, the General condition of the patient and the stage of detection of pathology.

When you need to visit a neurologist?

Many of the well-known neurological symptoms accompany diseases of other systems of the human body. Not everyone knows about their origin and severity. Postponing the visit to the doctor, it is possible to bring the condition to serious complications. Any deviation associated with the nervous system, should not be ignored.

The assistance of a neurologist are treated with the following symptoms:

  • Frequent, persistent, severe headaches;
  • Back pain and lower back;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Speech disorders;
  • Poor sleep (frequent awakening, insomnia);
  • Numbness, loss of sensation, tingling of the extremities;
  • Dizziness, noises in the ears, fainting;
  • Weakness, fatigue, impaired gait and coordination of movements;
  • Disorder of memory and perception, distraction.

The consequence of neurological disease can become symptoms such as facial asymmetry, frequent change of mood, change of voice. To the ordinary person, these symptoms may seem commonplace, but to experienced neurologist it is a typical symptoms, which are often the result of the development of serious diseases. Any of these signs of illness should not be a reason for a visit to the doctor. It can be directly a neurologist or therapist, who will determine to what exactly the specialist should be consulted.

Looking for a neurologist?

A trip to any doctor is accompanied by excitement, anxiety and fearthe unknown. If you've never been to a neurologist and do not know what is waiting for you at the reception, throw away all fears. Awkward situations possible, it's just a collection of information required for accurate diagnosis. The consultation includes the initial examination and survey with a set of standard questions. The doctor must accurately determine the neurological condition of the patient. For that, he can ask his age, marital status, place of work and timetable, history of medication. In the list of mandatory questions included a clarification of all the points regarding genetic predisposition and General health of the patient

What is included in the neurologist?

Among the medical services provided by the neurologist, required are the following:

  • Medical history, involving careful study of the history of the disease: injury, illness and operations, features of work, residence, etc.
  • Visual inspection and palpation examination of the patient.
  • The study of sensory function and motor system.

In complex medical services can include ultrasound of the brain. The final stage is the treatment. This may be drug therapy, dietary advice and appropriate for the detected pathology therapeutic mode.