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Specialist Podiatry deals with the treatment, diagnosis and prevention of diseases of the feet of the person. In addition, this doctor with a medical degree is a professional master pedicure.
If the patient identifies other diseases, podoll sends him to another specialist.
Podiatry: what it treats?Specialist in the treatment of stop pays attention not only to the region of the foot, but also the diseases that may affect her condition. An important stage in the work of the podiatrist is to identify early pathological changes in the feet and early treatment. This kind of problem often can be eliminated even in a home or cabin conditions, providing maximum sparing effect. If the time to seek qualified help, you will be able to avoid surgery that is often the only measure that can help in advanced disease.
A podiatrist will often give the patient important information about his health and advises him to turn to other, more specialist, orthopedic surgeon, flebolog, endocrinologist, if necessary. As for the pedicure, which involved a podiatrist, you should not confuse this procedure with the traditional salon service. The doctor executes it from a medical point of view. It helps the patient to get rid of corns and calluses, cracked heels, ingrown nails and rough skin. In addition, the doctor performs a prosthetics and plastic surgery of the nail plate, removes their deformation and the consequences of injuries.
What problems to go to the podiatrist?
If there are any irregularities in the joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels of the lower extremities, the person should contact the Podiatry.
Monitoring the doctor require the following diseases:
- Congenital abnormalities of the nail plate and their deformation;
- Thickening of the dermis;
- Rotation of the nail;
- Fungal infection;
- Worsening of diabetes and the formation of a diabetic foot;
- Pain in the feet;
- Arthrosis of the joints of the lower extremities;
- Spurs on the heel;
- Hollow of the foot;
- Morton's Neuroma;
- Tunnel syndrome;
- The pineal gland, affects the heel bone;
- The deformed fingers.
What does a podiatrist?
The main work of the Podiatry is a foot care and maintaining their health. This specialist allows you to deal with the diseases of the lower extremities, contributes to the prevention of pathologies.
Performing medical pedicure, removing of cracked heels, removal of corns and calluses, treatment of hyperhidrosis – all included in the competence of the podiatrist, not a beautician beauty salon. The doctor has knowledge of the implementation methodologies for the prosthetic nail plates. In addition, only a podiatrist can give professional advice regarding proper care of the lower extremities.
The most important activity for Podiatry is the elimination of the complications of diabetes, which are often manifest in the feet. Such patients lose the sensitivity of the foot, the skin on the feet begins to grumeti, between the toes and heels are formed deep cracks (see also: Causes and treatment of cracked heels). The most serious complication of this disease becomes gangrene of the foot. Therefore, all patients with diabetes are given a mandatory recommendation in the form of regular visits to the podiatrist.
It often happens that people suffering from feet disease throughout life, considering the existing discomfort is a normal variant. Sometimes these patients seek help in beauty salons, where they often offer to eliminate the existing lack of radical means, such as by laser. However, just to remove the current limitation – not to get rid of it forever, often the disease tends to relapse because were not identified its causes. This is what the podiatrist. For example, the corns may be to blame for the uneven load on the foot that requires orthopedic treatment. It reveals the Podiatry and sends the patient for a consultation with a podiatrist. Otherwise, to get rid of the calluses completely fail. (See also: Cause and prevention of corns)
Defects if the patient is not too pronounced, the doctor can fix them right in his office. For example, when a person suffers from the incorrect position of the fingers, the doctor may make a corrector according to the individual dimensions of the patient – orthosis. When problems aremore global, it is necessary to consult a podiatrist. The same applies to the treatment of mycotic lesions, when before treatment, you need to perform a number of tests. Treatment will be prescribed by a podiatrist after the results. In addition, contact the doctor and can be prophylactic, e.g., for cleaning or processing stop with the use of specialized drugs for the correction of rotation of the nails, etc.