Useful properties, application, coal and buds of birch
Botanical characteristics of birchBirch white is a deciduous tree with smooth, parchment-white bark, the surface has the characteristic dark line that grows to a height of 25 m. the Stems of young branches red-brown color with blotches. The leaves are alternate, rhombic or triangular-ovate, slightly leathery. Blossoms from April to may. The flowers are collected in inflorescence – male and female catkins. The fruits ripen from August to mid-winter. Can reproduce vegetatively and by seeds.
Common birch in Siberia, Ukraine, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Western Tien-Shan. Birch forms pure stands, so called birch, grows the felling sites, burnt pine, spruce and oak.
Useful properties of birch
Birch is known for its beneficial properties: relieves pain in bones of old, with the use of a birch broom soared in the bath, the extracts washed your hair to strengthen the hair and get rid of dandruff. Used funds from birch trees in burns, athlete's foot.
In the leaves, flowers and bark contains flavonoids, phytoncides, which are within three hours of appearing neutralize various microbes.
Leaves and bark contain tannins, phenols, triterpenoid alcohol, Bulanova acid, vitamin C.
Birch mushroom brewed as a tea to restore strength, improve appetite and relieve headaches, used as a remedy against internal tumors. Keep the mushroom chaga in a cool place.
The use of birch
Birch is a great tool that has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic. Decoctions and infusions of birch leaves effective for beriberi, cough, stomach ulcers, their amazing properties to help heal fresh wounds and sores.
Fresh birch bark draws the pus of difficult healing wounds, used for abscesses and boils. Birch relieves fatigue, increases vascular tone, gives vigor and energy.
Birch SAP improves metabolism, cleanses the blood and the body, promotes rapid tissue repair. This is a great General tonic. Birch tar is an excellent antiseptic, prescribed for many skin diseases, suppresses parasitic and fungal skin diseases, eczema.
Birch activated carbonsrc="/all/images/1333-0.jpg">Of birch charcoal to get the drug carbol used for flatulence and colic, and hyperacidity. It removes excess cholesterol, it is used to prevent cancer and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Particularly excellent activated birch charcoal in the treatment of atherosclerosis, poisoning, it is available pharmacists in the form of a powder which is mixed with water, is also used in the form of suspensions, tablets and capsules, easily absorbed by the body. The charcoal granules used for water purification. Its application is very extensive, it is used in many spheres of human activity.
The leaves are rich in essential oils and ascorbic acid, anthocyanins, tannins, saponins, coumarins. Components such as carotene, calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, barium, manganese and zinc are also included in the composition of nutrients of birch leaves. The unique leaves found silver, they are perfectly purify the air.
Birch buds, thanks to their diuretic, choleretic and expectorant properties, used for edema, bronchitis , and diseases of gall-excretory tract. In the birch buds accumulate selenium and zinc. There are grape sugar, essential aromatic oil, resins, ascorbic acid, tannins.
The composition of nutrients found in kidney fatty acids, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and iron. The tree has a "spare kidney", in the summer of of them are liquid droplets with a very strong bioactive substances, killing of putrefactive and pathogenic microbes. "Birch tears" bees collect for propolis manufacture.
The silver birch
The silver birch has a dense crown. In young trees the bark is yellowish-white, with the growth of plants, it becomes white and smooth. This birch branches drooping, young shoots glabrous, flexible, studded with resinous warts. In the lower part of the trunk of an old birch bark black, cracked. Buds are sticky. The leaves of the silver birch triangular or rhombic-ovate. The flowers are collected in inflorescence – earrings. The birch fruit is a nutlet with broad wings.
The silver birch propagated vegetatively or by self-seeding. Growing in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, the Urals, Kazakhstan, Western Tien Shan, the Caucasus. Birch leaves used externally for warming compresses for arthritis, rheumatism, they are effectively treated eczema, lichen. Famous recipestools used in difficulty urinating, to get rid of pinworms, Ascaris.
A decoction of birch leavesYoung birch leaves are used in alternative medicine. They make a decoction for baths for sciatica (sciatica). Eczema use a hot decoction of birch branches with leaves, which put the hands on for 20-30 minutes, the procedure can be performed 2-3 times during the day.
Decoction of leaves is used for edema associated with heart failure, kidney disease, a well it helps in cases of vitamin deficiency. To prepare the broth 10 g kidney pour 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 12-15 minutes on a slow fire, strain, bring the volume to 200 ml, adding warm boiled water. Remedy drink 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
Infusion of birch leaves
Infusion of birch leaves drooping is used in many health problems.
To strengthen the body and eliminate toxins 8-10 g dried minced raw or 10-15 g of fresh soaked in 1 Cup boiling water in a thermos for four pyati5 hours, then filter and take 1 tablespoon 4-5 times a day.
Cholelithiasis use an infusion of 1 tablespoon of birch leaves and 1 Cup boiling water. 1/2 Cup of the resulting tools need to drink before meals 4 times a day.
Hypertrophy of the prostate is useful to drink an infusion of two tablespoons of leaves, soaked in 0.5 liters of boiling water for two hours. It use 0.5 cups 3-5 times a day.
Tincture of birch
Alcohol tincture of birch buds, prepared as follows: take 15 g kidney pour 500 g of alcohol (70%). Take the remedy 3 times a day for 20-25 drops diluted in a spoonful of water, and kidney diseases, stomach ulcers, diseases of the bladder, from worm infestation. Also shown is the cure of dropsy of renal origin.
From young leaves can also make a tincture by infusing them in a dark place in glass containers with water within a month.
Contraindications to the use of birch
Birch mushroom chaga is contraindicated in patients with chronic colitis, and chronic infectious diseases – such as dysentery. Remedies from birch can not be takensimultaneously with the treatment with penicillin and intravenous glucose.
Infusions and decoctions made from birch buds is contraindicated in case of insufficiency of kidney function. In the infusion of birch buds contains a higher concentration of resinous substances, they can irritate kidney tissue, therefore it is not recommended long-term use.