The cultivation and use of useful properties of blueberries
Botanical characteristics of blueberriesBlueberry is a low branching shrub with straight stems. Smooth, thin and finely at the edges of blueberry leaves are on short petioles. Flowers greenish-white in color with a pink tinge, they are small in size. The flowers are in the axils of the leaves singly. The fruit of blueberry – blue-black berries with glaucous bloom, shaped like a small ball. Inside the berry is reddish-purple color with numerous seeds.
Blueberry blooms from late spring to early summer. Ripening occurs in June-August. Blueberries are common in coniferous forests, near swamps and under the forest canopy in wet ground.
Useful properties of blueberries
Bilberry contains tannins, flavonoids, vitamins, organic acids and sugar. With all these substances the plant has diuretic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. Blueberries are used as a choleretic and lowers the blood sugar level means. The plant contains huge amounts of antioxidants that reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Blueberries – a good remedy for diarrhea in young children, it has a positive effect on the digestive system of the body. That is why it is used for constipation. Bilberry fruits are used to improve vision.
For growing blueberries usually buy plants that are 2-3 years. The root on the Bush for planting should be with a lump of earth. Into the prepared hole set the blueberry Bush vertically and covered with soil. At the time of landing you need to loosen the soil around the roots and spread the roots. After planting material was covered with peat and sand, the soil needs a little to stamp down and watered.
Blueberries are propagated and even seeds. I get the seeds when kneading fresh blueberries. After the fruits of the plants are kneaded, the resulting mixture should pour water in the ratio 1:10. Stir and see that the skins, the pulp and empty seeds floated, so to do the full cleansing. On the bottom settles the most Mature and good seeds. Dry seeds, directly sown into the peat. After 14-20 days appear shoots. On the spring container seedlings are harvested in the warm and bright room. In the spring, young plants a dive and put in dark place and protected from wind and sunlight. The following year the seedlings can be planted in the ground.
Blueberry tolerates fertilization. Blueberries need constantthe soil moisture, so watering should be regular. The soil should be applied with a layer of sawdust 10 cm, because they hold moisture. In the absence of mulch, the soil should be loosened regularly and shallowly.
The use of blueberriesFor medicinal purposes use the leaves and fruit of blueberries. For example, infusion of leaves of the plant are used in diabetes, cystitis, pyelitis, and various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Blueberry has a toning and anti-inflammatory properties, so it is used in skin diseases, leucorrhoea and typhus fever.
In gastritis, cystitis, heartburn and rheumatism recommend the use of bilberry fruits both fresh and boiled. Infusion and decoction of the fruit of the bilberry are used for rinsing of the mouth with stomatitis, tonsillitis and pharyngitis. The dried fruit made into a tea which helps to cure hemorrhoids. Moreover, tea prepared from leaves of blueberry, but this tea is used for coughs, diarrhea, herpes and external funds for washings and compresses in the treatment of eye irritation or burns.
Tea made from bilberry leaves. To make it, take 1 teaspoon of leaves of the plant and pour a glass of boiling water, leaving for 10 minutes to stand up. Strain the tea, take it three times a day 200 ml. His own use and externally.
Tea made from bilberry fruit. Take 1 full second and half tablespoon of dry blueberries and fill their Cup of boiling water. Put on fire for 10 minutes. After you remove and filtered. This tea is used for diarrhea and to rinse the mouth and throat.
Flowers of blueberries from a toothache. Taking 100 grams of blueberry flowers, they poured two glasses of water and put on fire until from the original amount will remain 30 %. Strain the finished broth, them rinse your mouth as needed.
Cream with fruit blueberry. Fresh fruit is mashed to a consistency of ointment. This ointment to put on gauze and just apply on the sore or affected area (this may be ringworm, eczema, burns, and rheumatism and gout). Every day gauze dressing was changed for a new one.
Contraindications to the use of bilberry
Blueberry has no contraindications to its application, however, abuse its quantity is not necessary. Excessive consumption of blueberries will lead to hydroquinone poisoning (a compound found in blueberries).