Useful properties and applications of sesame
Description of sesameSesame is an annual or perennial plant that resembles grass and is part of the family Begalieva, or sesame. A large number of species grow in Africa. Indian sesame seeds in the wild is not found and cultivated in agriculture. From this plant extracted oil, and its seeds are used in cooking – to produce kozinaki and powder bakery products.
Sesame has a long root system that reaches deep into 1 meter. And its stem, tufted, grows to a height of 1.5 meters. Sesame has petiolate leaves are alternately located, pubescent on the surface. The leaves come in various types: whole, large and wide, narrowing towards the top or narrow elongated.
The sesame flowers pentamerous, arranged several pieces in the axils, have short pedicels. Color of petals can be different – and white-pink, purple. Calyx and Corolla pubescent on the edges. Mostly plant slopeside, but it is also possible pollination by bees.
The fruit is similar to a box that is slightly elongated and pubescent, it consists of an even number of carpels – two or four. This box contains 80 seeds. Oil pressed from sesame seeds is very useful, and it has a lot of organic acids.
Useful properties of sesame
Sesame has many beneficial properties. Depending on the varieties and habitats of this plant, the seeds contain up to 60% oil, 20% protein and 16% carbohydrates. In addition, they found other substances such as sesamin and sesamolin that are widely used in medicine, amino acids and And vitamin E. sesame oil contains a large number of useful for the human body acids.
The main purpose of sesame is the production from its seed oil. This oil is an essential oil that possess antioxidant properties. These essential oils are called simisola and seminola. And sesame oil, they have a high concentration, so it can be stored for a long time.
Sesame is useful because it has a lot of protein and acids. It is their content determines the high value of this plant, because it can significantly reduce the level of cholesterol in the body.
In addition, the plant is a storehouse of various vitamins, amino acids, mineral compounds. This combination of nutrients will help a person in shape to behealthy and feel vigorous. Sesame seeds are rich in fiber, which will help the bowel in its work. With proper seed treatment can cure constipation, but if you boil the sesame seeds, you can stop the diarrhea.
Before sesame seeds were used for medical purposes – it was treated colds and infectious diseases. And the seeds and the oil has found its application in cosmetics, with the addition of these components, treatments and prepare cosmetic products. But the caloric value of seeds is quite high, but with reasonable use, you can save a great figure and to get a boost of energy.
The use of sesameUseful properties of sesame seeds have long been known to mankind, and for the first time it was used in folk medicine of China. The Eastern people believe that the seeds of the plant can prolong life, strengthen the spirit and give a lot of energy. In the traditional system of Indian medicine, sesame oil has found its application in diseases of the skin. Also, sesame was used as a remedy for constipation.
Sesame is rich in calcium, he is ahead of a lot of products on the contents of this useful element. 100 grams of seeds have to 1.4 g calcium. Calcium is very useful for people of all ages. But the period of intensive growth in the day to get to 1.5 grams, in 30-50 years the daily dose is about 1 gram, and after 50 years – 1-1,5 grams.
The use of sesame seeds is effective in many different diseases. In the treatment of respiratory system it will also have anti-inflammatory, eases breathing when pneumonia, asthma, cough. In addition, this plant is able to reduce the acidity of the stomach, clears the microflora of toxins, has a laxative effect, cures diarrhea, gastritis, and many diseases of the liver, inflammation of the gallbladder and pancreas.
Sesame can reduce cholesterol, promotes protein synthesis, it is effective for hypertension, bleeding gums, and hemorrhoids. In diseases of the nervous system such as migraine, dizziness, this herb can soothe, strengthen memory, enhance intellectual abilities. Sesame also has a beneficial effect on the genitourinary system, exerting anti-inflammatory action in inflammation of the kidneys and in the formation of stones.
It is also important that this plant can easily cope with problems of the endocrine system. It will balance the estrogen levelcontribute to the formation of the egg, will help to reduce the hyperfunction of the thyroid gland, facilitate as diabetes and mastitis. In addition, the active ingredients of the sesame seeds will be able to normalize the weight, restore the body dystrophy.
People suffering from diseases of the musculoskeletal system such as osteoporosis, arthritis, arthrosis, osteochondrosis, fractures, scoliosis, also sesame are useful. This plant contains a lot of vitamins – calcium, phosphorus, zinc, which seemed to feed off the sore joints, reduce inflammation, strengthen bone.
Skin diseases – eczema, boils, ulcers, burns, itch, hair loss is able to remove inflammation, to heal wounds and clean them. If you have problems with blood sesame seeds will increase the number of platelets and accelerate the clotting of blood, if necessary, stop the bleeding. The therapeutic properties of this plant helps with hemorrhagic diathesis thrombocytopenic purple, of essential thrombocytopenia, internal bleeding.
Sesame is a plant warmth and light. Seeds can only germinate at certain temperatures, below 15 degrees. If there are frosts to -1 degree, all the seedlings die. The most optimal temperature for a comfortable growth of sesame is 27 degrees. When the temperature drops to 16 degrees the growth of a plant on time stops.
The sesame for flowering to 12 hours of light time of day. In addition, the plant likes moisture and fertilizer nutrients.
Sesame oilSesame is a plant in which a high concentration of oil. Its content in the seed is approximately 65 %. When using this method as cold pressed, sesame oil is an excellent product. In its taste it resembles oil extracted from olives. Seed oil is widely used in canning and confectionery, and in medicine.
When using the method of hot pressing of sesame seeds is obtained an oil used in the technical field, for example in the manufacture of mascara. White seeds are the unique source of tahini oil, used for halva, and other sweets and canned food.
The product obtained after cold pressing of sesame seed, known as bagasse, is composed of 10% oil and a large amount of protein. It is used in bakery and confectionery. The same productonly when using the method of hot pressing, is a great food producing animals in agriculture.
The calorie content of sesame seeds
The oldest oil plant is sesame. This plant is mainly grown for oil. The seed oil concentration reaches 60%. It is later used for cooking a variety of food, used for medical purposes, and some technical. In cooking, people use the oil extracted using cold pressed. It tastes very close to olive oil, and the color is bright. The caloric value of 100 grams of the seeds is 565 calories.
Sesame seeds during pregnancy
Sesame used by women to prevent urogenital diseases and also it reduces the risk of developing breast and other diseases of the breast. You need every day to chew a teaspoon of the seed. But be careful because it enhances the outflow of blood during menstruation. But, of course, sesame seeds contain lots of calcium, which is beneficial to bone formation, but when used in large quantities the potential risk of miscarriage.
Sesame for women
Sesame is very useful for the prevention and treatment of many female diseases. It can be used to combat such a terrible disease as cancer. Contained in the seeds sesamin is able to reduce cholesterol in the blood. In addition, sesame seeds can reduce the influence of male sex hormones. Thanks to calcium, which a lot of sesame, strengthens bones, prevents osteoporosis. And sesame improves the hematopoietic function of the body.
Sesame oil is effective in the treatment of lung diseases. Regular foot massage with oil will help get rid of insomnia. It is a wonderful oil – an indispensable tool for women that helps make less visible the first signs of aging, cleanse and moisturize skin, and make hair handsome and soft.
The most unique product is sprouted sesame seeds. This uniqueness lies in the fact that they have calcium, which the human body can easily absorb. It is ideal for the elderly, children and adolescents, and pregnant women for strengthening of bones.
With this product you can maintain with various diseases of joints and bones. In addition, seedlings are elements that can strengthen the heart, vascular system, they also contribute tocell renewal, balance the exchange of oxygen, suspend age-related changes. Sesame seeds also germinated pretty quickly rejuvenate the body after a long illness, the experience of stress and depression.
The best kind to grow is the black sesame because it has an antioxidant effect. But to grow it better in a Bank and in a warm place.
Black and white sesame seedsSesame is an annual or perennial plant which is a herb from the family of Sesame. At the moment there are 35 species of this plant. They grow in Africa, its in the tropics and subtropics. In agriculture it is mainly grown one variety of sesame seeds - Indian, its seeds have different colors of brown, red, black, yellow. If the seeds are black, it is raw sesame.
Seeds with a darker shade, have a pronounced bright flavor. All the seeds inherent in the sweet smell that when roasting will only increase. In the East they are used in the confectionery industry and to create a variety of seasonings. In such spices in addition to sesame seeds contains the following ingredients: sumac, lemon juice, olive oil, chickpeas flour.
Also in the Eastern countries sesame is widely used in the manufacture of food tahini that is a paste of ground sesame seeds used to make sauces and dips creamy. In Russia this word is pronounced differently – you can hear and tahina and tahini.
But roasted sesame seeds – one of the favorite seasonings of the Japanese and the Koreans. There they are added in a variety of national dishes. In Korean cuisine prefer to use sesame leaves with a very sharp, one might even say pungent taste. Such sheets necessarily fresh, is given a special shape, then added to meat and fish dishes, or fried in batter.
In addition, they wrapped rice with various fillings – it is very reminiscent of Japanese sushi and rolls. Also sesame leaves ferment and then use it in braising meats. In Korea, sesame is grown with huge leaves, but the locals mostly prefer the leaves of the Perilla, as they are softer, have a different form and a completely different flavor.
In Japan, a sesame seed is called Goma, and it is added to many types of sushi. Goma can be of two types. The first is roasted and the second is not roasted, also used ground sesame seeds. In Japan, there is a very interesting seasoning, having in its composition of seven spices, including sesame seed andsesame salt. This salt can be found only in national Japanese cuisine.
In Mexico also used sesame seed in the preparation of various dishes. This seed is added to the famous Mexican sauce that is served along with the Turkey.
Of course, abuse this exceptional product is impossible, because his main damage is very high calorie. During the diet is better not to eat sesame seeds, if you really really wanted, it is best to eat it in small portions and very rarely. In addition, it is not recommended to drink it on an empty stomach so as not to irritate the gastric mucosa because it is very sensitive to such seeds.