Useful properties and applications of Lobelia
Description LobeliaLobelia is a stunning perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae. Its homeland is the territory of South Africa. In the horticultural use of this plant as an annual plant. Many species of Lobelia is incredibly valued in medicine. And no wonder - this beautiful flower has many useful properties. The height of this strongly ramified plant may vary from 10 to 25 cm small flowers may have different shades – white, pink and even purple.
Useful properties of Lobelia
Great Lobelia is an excellent remedy in infectious diseases, acute heart failure, as well as serious conditions of low vascular tone. Also, this plant helps with low and a sharp decrease in blood pressure, and after heavy blood loss. Lobelia has an unusually beneficial effect on the human body, providing the necessary tone of the nervous branching of the peripheral vessels.
Nitrogen-containing compounds – lobelanine and labeledin in the composition of plants, rapidly relieve stress state muscle of the bronchi, calms them, and will minimize the formation of phlegm. In herbal medicine this plant is one of the most useful, it is used in various herbal formulas. Lobelia is a very "smart"grass, because it combined with other herbs miraculously transferred to the area of the body that require treatment.
Lobelia is very effective in the treatment of serious diseases important respiratory and Central nervous system. Moreover, this remarkable plant displays the body of toxins. After a series of studies, scientists found in Lobelia about 40 components that can effectively cope with viral and inflammatory processes in the human body.
It was found that this plant slows down free radicals, which in turn can lead to very unfortunate consequences – different diseases with a fatal outcome. It should be mentioned that Lobelia is a wonderful means of having exceptional antioxidant properties.
The use of Lobelia
Due to its unique medicinal properties, Lobelia is often found in many popular medicines, is effective in solving problems with the respiratory system. For example, the drug"Lobeline hydrochloride" is such a compound as lobeline hydrochloride, so that the toolprovides unmatched positive effect on stimulating respiration.
It is used in respiratory diseases – bronchitis, bronchial asthma, whooping cough, and used in asphyxia in infants in a choke substances that cause poisoning, drug toxicity. Its action restores breathing in drowning people, and it is effective in other cases when you need to quickly stimulate the respiratory activity.
In America, produce a unique dietary Supplement, which includes Lobelia. This drug has a number of beneficial effects. It reduces inflammation in the digestive system, has analgesic properties, mobilizes digestion in the gastrointestinal tract, in General, increasing the body's defense mechanisms. The same of Lobelia, make loose leaf tea and alcohol tincture. They have antibacterial action and help to deal with diarrhea and Staphylococcus aureus.
Here for many years scientists is the question – can I use Lobelia to cure epilepsy. First experiments have shown that this plant stops the spasms in the affected muscles, it also promotes secretion in the brain of gamma-aminobutyric acid, which serves as a crucial brake means of the Central nervous system. Lobelia as a medicine is considered to be an indispensable tool to compliment the main complex of pharmacological preparations.
Care for Lobelia
It is necessary to pay great attention to the feeding of Lobelia, but in this case the main thing is not to overdo it. For density of flowering you want to use only organic fertilizers can be applied "Effekton-TS"or"Flower". If Lobelia will attack aphids, it is necessary to spray a solution of the drug INTA-VIR. In the case of fungal diseases of plants, such as powdery mildew, rust or spots on the leaves, it is better to apply copper-containing drugs. One such effective medication is copper sulphate.
Growing LobeliaLobelia quite whimsical plant that needs plenty of sunlight. It is better to grow on the exposed surfaces of platforms with minimal shadows. For the first time after planting it behaves capriciously, it can seeds for a long time not to get up. The plant lovesmoist soil, problem recovering after the drought, needs frequent watering. Lobelia loves water treatments, its leaves should be regularly sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
How to plant Lobelia? Lobelia seeds are sown in early spring, preferably in the beginning of March, in special boxes designed for seedlings. The ground must be used with the addition of peat and sand, that she was quite soft. Seeds covered with earth, it is not necessary, it is better to just sow. Next you need seeds to sprinkle a little water from a spray bottle.
In the next stage, the boxes should be covered with greenhouse film or glass and not removed before sprouting. To keep these boxes need a temperature not exceeding 20 degrees. Seedlings of Lobelia, as a rule, bikeroutes twice. In the soil the Lobelia better planted in June, when it will be warm and the soil is warm. When planting in the ground between the colors should be a distance of not less than fifteen inches. Lobelia like transplanting and this should be done regularly once in two years. In the cold season Lobelia is better to dig up and move to winter garden.
Varieties of Lobelia
There is a great variety of Lobelia. Wild Lobelia is found in America, Australia, and other South territories. The colour of these flowers vary from blue to blue. The same breeders brought Lobelia of different shapes, sizes and colors – white, purple and red. Lobelia is a perennial and an annual. Of the perennial species the most interesting is the cardinal flower, Mexican Lobelia, or shiny, Lobelia dortman, Lobelia Gherardi.
From annual most well - known of Lobelia erinus. It forms clumps resembling balls, but may travel along the ground. Lobelia can have a different color – purple, blue, purple, white flowers. In General, there are more than 400 types.
Lobelia is widely used in landscaping, it can be grown in flower beds, sat on the Alpine coaster, as well planted in pots and hanging pots – it will always look bright and gorgeous.
This plant can also be placed in decorative ponds, as the flower loves moisture, still will feel excellent.
Should not be grown at home, as Lobelia are poisonous. Before the use of various medicines based on lobeline, be sure to consult with your doctor. Signs of poisoning may be vomiting, nausea, dizziness and General weakness. In cases of poisoning it is necessary to go to the hospital to have my stomach pumped.