The cultivation, care and beneficial properties and application of almonds
Botanical characteristics of almondsAlmond is a tall tree with bare twigs are reddish brown color. On short branches are small glabrous leaves, which are assembled in several pieces in bundles. The edges of the leaves have teeth. The root system of almond has several skeletal roots, almost not observed in fibrous formation. Due to the fact that the roots of the almonds do not penetrate deep into the soil, this plant is very drought resistant. The strangeness of this tree is the following: it first flowers bloom, and after that begin to bloom leaves. Flowers white or white-pink color develops on the shoots of last year and are located alone.
The fruit of the plant is a dry drupe ovate, sometimes green or brown-gray color. When there is maturation of the fruit, the pericarp becomes wrinkled, rastreskivalas, and from it falls a nut. The nut is round or flat. Inside the fruit contains small yellowish-brown seeds, there are bitter and sweet. The almond bloom begins in late winter and lasts until April. Ripening occurs at the beginning and middle of summer.
Wild almonds can be seen in Azerbaijan, Tien Shan, and Kopet-Dag. It prefers stony and southern slopes of the mountains. Often you can find thickets of almonds. In addition, almond love to grow the growers of the Crimea, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The cultivation of almonds
Almonds can be propagated by seeds and vegetative method. For example, many varieties of almond and ornamental species of this plant is propagated by seed. Seeds can be sown in autumn or spring. Before sowing they need to be subjected to stratification, which lasts 90-120 days, keeping the temperature 2-5 degrees above zero. When annual seedlings reach 30 cm in height, can be transplanted to a permanent place. After 2 years you can watch the flowering plants.
Almonds vegetative propagated root and green cuttings, layering and suckers. For this you need to cut from the tops of the green shoots of the cuttings, which are half-woody, and to treat them with any growth stimulant for 16 hours. Next, you need to make rooting cuttings, and this should prepare a cold greenhouse. The cuttings are planted in soil consisting of sand and peat in equal shares. 3-4 weeks rooting is complete. And already, rooted cuttings planted in a permanent place.
Almonds needs regular fertilizing, as the growth and fruiting it outa lot of effort. Spring is the time for application of fertilizers, such as manure, superphosphate, saltpeter, and others.
Almond watering depends on the soil in which it grows. For example, if the soil is sandy, watering should be plentiful and if the soil is loamy, it need to be watered moderately. The main thing – to pour to measure, as lack of moisture leads to a reduction in flowering time, but if too much moisture – the soil will begin to rot.
Almonds it is best to plant in Sunny or light shade place, and also it is better to pick a location that is protected from wind and drafts.
After planting, the plants need to mulch tree trunks peat, but soil should not be backfilled. Regularly should loosen the soil, making weeding from weeds.
In the spring it would be good almonds to mow and trim. For example, existing dry twigs and withered already required to cut. And after flowering, the almond need to do formative pruning, and this should be to cut the annual shoots.
So winter is not frozen buds and shoots of almond, it is necessary at the end of summer need to remove the apical Bud. And in the winter generally it is better to cover the almonds lutrasilom – thus the vaccination site will be protected from freezing.
The beneficial properties of almondsSince ancient times, the almond is used as good medicines. Almonds contains many different types of minerals, including those that are very necessary for bone health. Almond seeds contain fatty oil, sugars and proteins, and also vitamins many groups. The beneficial properties of almonds are used in digestive disorders or in case of disorders of the kidneys.
Almond strengthens the brain, sight, heals wounds. In addition, almonds, whether sweet or bitter, in any case, it is a good tonic protivolednym and anti-inflammatory properties. Almond cleanses the stomach and bladder.
Almond oil only get by pressing bitter and sweet types of this plant. The oil of yellowish color, pleasant taste and no smell. In almond oil contains glyceride of linolenic acid, phytosterols, vitamin E and other beneficial for the human organism.
This oil has a strengthening effect on hair, nails and eyelashes. Almond oil has nourishing and soothing effect. It is used for burns, skin injuries, sprains,herpes, hair problems.
Oil burns. Pure almond oil should be applied on the problem areas of the skin several times a day.
Oil for sprains. Take napkins and soak them in almond oil, but before dipping don't forget to add oil of clove, oregano, lavender and kaputa. Impregnated wipes apply on the affected area. The length of time the tissues in the affected area – not more than 25 minutes. A day procedure can be done 1-2 times.
Almond oil at elevated heartbeat. Taking 6-7 drops of almond oil 3 times a day, you can forget about this problem.
With individual intolerance of almond oil it can not be used.
The use of almondsA little has already been written about the fact that almonds have many beneficial properties for man, and this is due to the fact that it contains various vitamins and minerals.
A decoction of the root of the almonds. Take 1 tablespoon of the roots of almonds (bitter) and fill it with 200 ml of boiling water. Put in a water bath for 30 minutes. After straining and cooling, you can use the broth as an external tool for getting rid of freckles.
Almonds with constipation. In the presence of this disease need to take 1-2 tablespoons of almond oil. The same tool can be used for gastritis or bronchitis.
Almonds with jaundice. In this case, the help of the almond kernel. The first day should eat 2 times a day for 5 nuts, do it before eating. The second day of use 10 cores and so with each passing day increases the number of nuts 5 units. After 3 days of this treatment it done.
Almond oil for the treatment of hearing. Should drip into the ear 7 drops of this oil, close wool. On the second day drip as many drops of oil in the other ear. Continue this treatment for a few days. With the improvement of the hearing ear should be a simple rinse with warm water.
Contraindications to the use of almond
You can not eat a lot of seeds as they are rich in hydrocyanic acid which can be stopped breathing, leading to death. The fruit of the almond still do not have contraindications.