Breeding, care, useful properties and applications Rowan
Botanical characteristics of ashRowan is a deciduous tree or shrub with a shallow root system. This plant is very high, sometimes reaching 20 meters in height. The bark is gray, smooth. The leaves are alternate, oblong, young – pubescent, and later – naked. White or pink fragrant flowers clustered inflorescence – panicle. The fruit of the Rowan – juicy globose berry that is red or orange. Inside the fruit has red seeds acute at ends. Flowering ash is in may-June month. The fruits ripen from early to mid-autumn. The tree bears fruit only for the first 5 year of life. Rowan can grow the 2nd century.
Rowan is often found in Europe, Caucasus, Siberia, Kazakhstan and Kamchatka. It can be seen in the fields, on the banks of rivers, in the garden, in the Park, on the Park and in the woods.
Reproduction of mountain ash
The mountain ash is propagated by seeds, grafting, cuttings, root shoots. Grafting is very often propagated Rowan, instead of using rootstock seedlings of the mountain ash. Seeds for growing rootstocks need to prepare to germinate in 3-6 months. Seeds need to be stratified for several months. For substrate you need to mix the sand from the river with fine sawdust. This substrate is mixed with the seeds. In the spring the seeds are planted in prepared soil, closing up to 1.5 cm deep into the soil.
Autumn or early spring is the time for progibanija young plants to the soil. Need to bend or the branches of trees, or basal shoots. On top of pinned branches, you should put fertile moist soil, leaving some of the branches above the soil surface (about 20cm).
Further care involves ridging and mulching plants, constant watering. To have faster cuttings formed roots should be trimmed the stem to 25 % of the diameter of the seat curve up to the rooting zone of the future or simply remove a narrow ring. If layering will properly care, at the end of the growing season the first year will appear weak roots after 2-3 years after the day of progibanija formed and developed vigorous plants.
Grafted plants come into bearing after 3-5 years of planting, but the seedlings that will bear fruit only 7-8 on the year.
Care mountain ash
Care ash – not so difficult. You should regularly remove shoots at the root collar, to water and fertilize the soil. Tilling the soil is another important condition in growing rowans. In spring, the mountain ash grows very actively, so at this time you need to spend feeding andpruning as soon as possible. Young plants can be cut broken or weak stems, long stems make it shorter. Weak plants are cut on 2-3 year old wood, so new shoots will grow faster.
In the third year of life the plants need to be fertilized, and for this purpose, suitable fertilizers. Spring make nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. In the summer the soil fed with the same fertilizer, but in smaller number. And after harvest, making only phosphate and potash fertilizers in the amount of 10 grams per square meter. Fertilizers don't need much to seal the soil, then lightly dug over the soil and watered with plenty of water.
Useful properties of Rowan
Rowan has a laxative, hemostatic and vitamin properties. It is used as a great useful tool in the treatment of diseases of the kidneys and bladder. Rowan has a positive effect on fat metabolism in the body. Rowan, along with these properties, it is also a tool that is used for burns, wounds and inflammations of various kinds.
Rowan treat rheumatism, dysentery, dropsy and kidney stones. The berries help in the treatment of diseases of the liver, hemorrhoids and scurvy. Ash has a diuretic action so it is used in urolithiasis, cystitis and inflammation of the bladder.
The use of RowanIn folk medicine, mountain ash is used in the treatment of anemia, gout, diathesis, edema, and dyspepsia. It is used as a tool, which leads to normal metabolism of the body. Rowan has astringent properties. The infusion of this plant is used as a radioprotective agent.
The ash contains triterpene acids, due to which fish is used in diseases of the cardiovascular system such as hypertension, arrhythmia, heart pain, and others. In the presence of a spasm of cerebral vessels, traditional medicine recommends the infusion made from fruits of mountain ash.
The fruit fresh will help women who have disrupted menstrual cycle. Berries or the juice of mountain ash will help increase the appetite. About hemorrhoids you can forget, if we take a tincture of the fruits of this miracle tree.
Broth vitamin. For its preparation you need to take 500 ml of boiling water, 1 tablespoon of fruits of mountain ash and as much the fruit of the wild rose. To put on the fire for 10 minutes. After removing from heat, brothleave to infuse for 4 hours. Strain the broth, it take 100 ml three times a day before meals with vitamin deficiencies.
Tea from Rowan diarrhea. Take 1 tablespoon of dry fruits of mountain ash and fill their Cup of boiling water. Put 10 minutes on the fire, cover with a lid. The finished broth take 1 glass twice a day.
Rowan appetite. For preparing this medicine need to take 100 grams of Rowan berries and boil in a little water. Wipe through a sieve and mix with the same amount of sugar. Add a little white wine and ovarium, puree. Take puree 1 teaspoon twice a day for poor appetite.
A decoction Rowan hemorrhoids and women's diseases. Take 10 grams of flowers of mountain ash and pour a glass of boiling water. Put on fire for 10 minutes. Strain the broth, it is taking 50 ml thrice a day. They also can treat cough and liver disease.
Juice of mountain ash. Take the fresh Rowan berries, wash them and squeeze out the juice. Take this juice 1 tablespoon three times a day in the treatment of scurvy, weakness in the body or after suffering a serious illness.
Tincture of mountain ash. For its preparation you need to take a glass bottle and fill it 2/3 of the volume of the Rowan berries. Next, take the vodka and pour the entire space of the bottle. Leave in a dark place until such time as the tincture does not become dark brown and smelling of the forest. Infusion filter and take 1 tablespoon, spreading it with water, three times a day.
Rowan can be applied to all people, except those who have a predisposition to blood clots. Increased clotting – is also a prohibition to the use of drugs from ash.