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How to increase blood sugar levels when hypoglycemia?

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The word "hypoglycemia"is well known to every diabetic. Among its it is called simply"Heep"very afraid, because if not in time to cope with this condition, the consequences can be very sad.

But a sharp decline in blood sugar not only threatens patients with a formal diagnosis of"diabetes". There are reasons why an attack of hypoglycemia can occur in nominally healthy person. Therefore, our today's conversation will be of interest not only to longtime patients of endocrinologists, but also to all people with health problem and severe endocrine heredity.

If the concentration of glucose in the blood falls below 3.3 mmol/l, a person develops a hypoglycemic syndrome. This dangerous condition can result in convulsive seizure, loss of consciousness, clinical death, and, finally, death.

Hypoglycemic syndrome develops fast, however, it is accepted to allocate three basic stages:

  • Easy – primary hypoglycemia, which occurs in the first 5-10 minutes and is quickly relieved by taking a small dose of "fast" carbohydrates;
  • The middle – occurs if glucose is not timely entered into the body, and can last up to half an hour. The blood sugar levels have to improve in several stages;
  • The final critical hypoglycemia, characterized by convulsions, fainting and in severe cases, hypoglycemic coma. Exit from this state can only provide ambulance and hospital. Without treatment within hours death occurs in the brain.

Topic: causes, symptoms and consequences of hypoglycemia

How to diagnose hypoglycemic syndrome? Any diabetic with experience will tell you that begins to anticipate the trouble before the appearance of the first symptoms. By the way, signs of a sharp decline in blood sugar levels in all individual.

We list all of the warning signs of hypoglycemia:

  • Painful feeling of hunger;
  • Lethargy and muscle weakness;
  • Nausea, sometimes vomiting;

  • Rapid and/or irregular heartbeat (tachycardia, arrhythmia);

  • Intense sweating;
  • A fine tremor of the hands;
  • Dizziness and loss of orientation in space;

  • Temper, until a violent angry outbursts;
  • Visual disturbances (red or dark spots before the eyes, double vision);
  • Causeless anxiety, fear, panic attack;
  • Strong drowsiness, desire to lie down;
  • Slurred, confused speech swallowed by the endings of words;
  • Rarely hallucinations and poor perception of reality.

Diabetics have experienced no problem with the timely diagnosis of hypoglycemia – they know your body, know the symptoms and know how to take action quickly. But newcomers are often scared and take the usual anxiety for the approaching attack. Fear has big eyes, but you should try to control myself. Always help quality meter – he certainly knows you have lowered the level of sugar, or not. Hardest those people who are unaware of the true causes of your painful condition. Here you can give only one advice: treat yourself carefully and regularly be surveyed, especially if you have in anamnesis there are cases of diabetes.

If you think you have a hypoglycemic attack, resist the desire to sleep. In any case do not let to fill friends and family with the above symptoms (especially if they are diagnosed DM).

A sharp decline in blood sugar must be immediately compensated. The patient will not get better if he just lay down and slumber. We will not scare you with the details as to how it would end. Hypoglycemia sometimes occurs in the dream – then the person has nightmares and he wakes up all wet from sweat.

How to increase blood sugar levels?

We will begin with a light form of hypoglycemia, which is characterized by glucose content in the blood at the level from 2.7 to 3.3 mmol/l. These readings should ideally be given a blood glucose meter, rather than speculation and hunches. Although, diabetics, repeatedly emerging from bouts of hypoglycemia, define it according to their sensations accurately.

So, what to do for extra raise the level of sugar in the blood:

  • Eat one piece of candy a quarter of a chocolate bar or three slices of standard gold bars of chocolate;
  • Drink a Cup of warm tea with two spoons of sugar or honey;
  • Eat a banana or a few pieces of dried fruit (apricots, prunes);
  • Drink half a glass of sweetened fruit juice with pulp.

Here are the most affordable ways to obtain "quick" carbs. Obviously, you can help a slice of ripe melonand overseas figs, but it's unlikely you will have time to find them, and to wear always such treats uncomfortable. At hand may well be a sandwich or porridge of fast preparation, but the first stage of hypoglycemic syndrome they don't fit you is a "long" carbohydrates that soon will enrich the blood glucose.

At the first symptoms of hypoglycemia do not jump on the food, however strong was the hunger and fear for their health. A surplus of carbohydrates will result in new trouble and the sharp jumps of level of sugar in the blood a devastating effect on small blood vessels and capillaries.

Treatment of secondary forms of hypoglycemia

If you missed the primary manifestations of hypoglycemia and has not had time to compensate for the drop in the level of glucose have to Supplement strategy. When sugar is below 2.7 mmol/l should immediately consume 15-20 grams "fast"carbs (see list above), and then twenty minutes later the same"long"carbohydrates. It is highly desirable that all these actions were accompanied by measurements of blood sugar level using the glucometer.

Described tactic is not always effective. It is best to make test measurements every fifteen minutes, and if the results are still below normal, eat 12 grams"fast" carbs, and so on to the bitter end. You may need 4-5 laps until my blood sugar finally normalized.

Help with hypoglycemic coma

If a diabetic patient with hypoglycemic syndrome had not received assistance and lost consciousness, in any case he will not be able to eat carbs. No need to botherit and try to drink sweet tea or water – this may result in asphyxia (choking).

The person with the final stage of hypoglycemia should be sent immediately to the emergency room or to call him an ambulance. The only thing you can do before the arrival of the physician to inject him with glucagon, if the drug is fortunately was available.

Usually, patients with severe form of diabetes keep the dose in 1 g of glucagon. This substance affects the liver and causes it to urgently throw in the blood of all existing stocks of starch, which, again, may not be enough to heavily attack. In the hospital the patient is likely to introduce coronarienne glucose is guaranteed to bring him to consciousness.

10 Golden rules for diabetics that will save your life

To sum the intermediate results and will give ten rules that will protect you from a sharp decline in the level of sugar in the blood and related unpleasant consequences:

  1. Read professional medical literature to clearly understand what insulin is, what are the principles of his actions and the consequences of incorrect dosage. The doctor has no time (and desire) to drive you in the head with these facts and figures you should be interested in their health. Should not just follow the assignments, and to understand why you are shown exactly this dose of insulin, and exactly what will happen if we change it.

  2. Inform about the illness of the people who surround you in your daily life (relatives, close friends, work colleagues). Do not be ashamed of the disease. Better think about what the stress will get if you suddenly become ill in their presence. They will panic and not be able to properly assist you.

  3. Ensure that your mobile phone was always with you and charged. If necessary, buy a spare battery and carry it with you. Such advice can confuse or even scare, and believe me, we sincerely wish you never in my life did not have to frantically look for your phone to dial relatives or an ambulance. But let it be at hand, so the soul calmer.

  4. The frequency of attacks of hypoglycemia. If they occur twice a week or more, youneed to be monitored and to adjust the dosage of insulin. Tell your endocrinologist that has changed in your health and lifestyle: you may be things to eat, or to perform more physical work?

  5. Carefully read the instructions for use any drugs before you take them. Harmless syrups from cough and lozenges for the throat may contain sugar. And some tablets increase the action of insulin. All this can be obtained from the accompanying annotations.

  6. Carry something sweet (sugar, candy, chocolate bar). Of course, useful to increase the blood sugar level with fruit, but it is inconvenient – they quickly deteriorate. Please check if you took a sweetness, if you plan to permanently leave the house or go on a trip.

  7. Measure sugar levels 4-8 times per day in the marked doctor hours. Be prepared urgently to take advantage of the meter in case of a fall or increase of glucose in the blood to keep the test strips in store!

  8. If you plan to play sports or work in the garden, a little lower a usual dosage of insulin, or allow yourself on this day a little more carbs. Discuss with your doctor the tactics of behavior in such situations.

  9. Abstain from alcohol or reduce its use to a minimum. Remember that different types of drink have different effects on blood sugar levels: increases beer, vodka lowers. If you are going to honor the occasion have a few drinks, of course a snack.

  10. Always keep presence of mind and try to look at things positively. Diabetes is a serious disease, but it can be kept under control and live a full, happy life!

How to protect yourself from hypoglycemia?

This section is probably not for diabetics, and relatively healthy people who are at risk for glycemic balance. It so happens that a person systematically feels weakness, dizziness and sweating, but cannot establish a causal connection between this condition and the image of his power. He attributed the sickness to stress and tiredness due to hard work, and it may be that the culprit – a wrong diet.

There are people who deliberatelyreduce the level of sugar in your blood. More precisely, half consciously. Lovers "lose weight online". Having read articles about the revolutionary ways to lose weight, they do with his body monstrous things. Completely abandon fat, and then suffer with brittle nails, falling hair, lack of oxygen and hormonal disorders. That malnourished protein and become weak, wrinkled creatures with no muscle. The curse of carbohydrates, and lose consciousness from a sharp drop in blood sugar levels.

All these manipulations with rigid diets, does not hold water. 40-60 grams of carbohydrates per day consume only people with a severe form of diabetes, because otherwise they will not survive. A person with a healthy endocrine system this food will bring nothing but harm. And weight loss persistent with the result, incidentally, also will not do.

It is the fascination with "miracle" weight loss methods is the most common cause of violations of glycemic balance in otherwise healthy people. Not knowing what your blood sugar level, you can't sit on hard mono-diet!

Proteins, fats and carbohydrates equally necessary to us, and each of these nutrients performs an important role.

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Any deviation from the principles of a balanced diet should be made on the recommendation of a physician, and only when required by the condition. Someone has to limit the intake of fat because of the liver issues, someone can't eat a lot of protein due to dysfunction of the kidneys, and from the lion's share of carbohydrates refuse only those people whose body does not produce enough insulin.

The desire to get rid of excess weight is very commendable, because obesity itself can lead to diabetes and many other serious diseases. But if a person has a large excess weight poor health and older age, weight loss should begin with a comprehensive examination. And endocrinologist is necessary to visit. The doctor will determine for sure, you have increased blood sugar levels, or lowered, and will give advice on nutrition.

If you are already experiencing low blood sugar levels, try to follow a few simple rules:

  • Eat balanced and fractional 4-5 times a day. Long breaks between meals just glucose cause "failures";
  • Do not starve! There are products with a low glycemic index, which may gently support satiety withinday is a sea fish, olive oil, nuts, etc. omega-3 fatty acidscontained in them are also very good for health;

  • Make sure you have no chromium deficiency, and, if necessary, fill it. Chrome acts as a natural regulator of glycemic balance, that's why this trace element must be present in the body in sufficient quantities, especially if you have low blood sugar. Sugar cravings also suppresses glutamic acid, which many in the cottage cheese;
  • 10 minutes prior to intense exercise or physical work, allow yourself the "fast" carbohydrates – drink fruit juice, for example. This will help avoid hypoglycemia when your body is thrown into the furnace all the glucose from the blood and liver;
  • Avoid shock dose of carbohydrates – don't eat chocolates and cakes, washed down with lemonade. First, the blood sugar will rise sharply, but then followed by a rapid decline. But the brain, like a drug addict that liked to swim in the glucose, again start demanding occasion;
  • Do not abuse alcohol and strong coffee, and try to give up Smoking, if this habit of eating. Alcohol, caffeine and nicotine interfere with adequate synthesis of the hormone insulin because they are destroying your pancreas, the organ which produces it.

In conclusion, I would say that low blood sugar is very important to diagnose, as, indeed, increased. This will allow you to change the diet and to push back the risk of diabetes as far as possible. Treat yourself carefully, and be healthy!