Useful properties and applications Stefania smooth
Botanical characteristics StefaniaStefania is a perennial dioecious herbaceous or woody vine that grows up to four meters. The root of the plant is brownish-gray, fleshy, klubniy, with light yellow flesh. Beautiful green heart-shaped leaves grow in a spiral. The small unisexual flowers are collected in umbellate axillary inflorescences. Fruit plants – drupe, turns to pink when ripe. Seeds dark brown, obovate.
Stefania blooms in April-may, fruits ripen in may-June. Area of distribution – Australia, South, East and South-East Asia.
Useful properties of Stephanie
In order to use medicinal tubers of plants. Raw materials are harvested, carefully cleaned from the ground, remove the peel, cut into thin pieces and dried in the sun or in a kiln. The resulting product was stored in a dark, well ventilated rooms for a period of not more than two years. In tubers of the plant contains large amounts of alkaloids: gindarin, stearin, rotundan.
In folk medicine, preparations on the basis of Stephanie used as a sedative and analgesic. They are also effective for lowering the heat during fever and malaria. Decoctions and infusions of plants good help for insomnia, headache, intestinal and gastric pains.
On the basis of extracts from Stefania was designed drug "Gindarin," which after successful completion of clinical trials have been permitted for official use in medicine. It is prescribed for neurasthenia, insomnia, and various psychoses and neuroses, diseases associated with increased excitability.
In folk medicine, the tubers of the plant are used for treatment of tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, dysentery. It is an effective pain reliever during childbirth.
It is a tropical herbaceous vine with large, 40-50 cm tubers weighing 20-30 kg. plant Stems are cylindrical, glabrous, scandent or climbing, reach a length of 10-15 meters. Leaves entire, thyroid, rounded shape. Stefania smooth – dioecious plant, therefore, pistillate and staminate flowers are for different species. The flowers are hidden in the axils of the leaves, they are small, very numerous, clustered in umbellate hanging clusters. The fruit– round red drupe with juicy pericarp.
The plant is widespread in tropical and subtropical mountainous regions of South China, Burma, Japan, Vietnam and India, can grow at altitudes of 1800 to 2100 m above sea level.
In the above-ground parts of the plant alkaloids found cineamatic and CCleaner. Studies show that these substances have a calming effect and in high doses cause sleep. They also have hypotensive and anticonvulsant effect. The crushed roots and stems of this species Stefania used in the form of decoctions and infusions for exhaustion of the organism after a long illness, as antidote against snakebite.
This plant is unique because it in the greatest concentrations (in comparison with other representatives of the vegetable world) contains alkaloids. Further study Stephanie is very promising for obtaining new dosage forms.
Contraindications to the use of Stephanie
Contraindications to the use of drugs based on Stephanie is idiosyncrasy, hypersensitivity, and pregnancy and breast-feeding.