Growing, useful properties and application recipes poplar
Botanical characteristics of poplarPoplar is a tall tree which belongs to the family Salicaceae. Topol – survivor living about 300 years. In old trees the trunk of dark color, and the bottom of the barrel there are growths. The tree has a broad, spreading crown with branches that are directed laterally. Kidney poplar covered with resin, they are large, form they are ovate or conical. Long petioles are large leaves, hard and dense, which are triangular or rhombic. During flowering the flowers appear, which are located on the long and dangling earrings. Depending on the location of the earrings, they are different species. For example, staminate catkins are sessile, pistillate catkins are located on the legs, but the earrings with fruits – elongated shape.
The fruit of the poplar is a capsule containing numerous seeds that have long white hairs. Poplar flowering starts in April-may, after which new leaves are coming out. The fruits ripen in early June. More often, poplar is found in Siberia, European Russia and Central Asia. The tree prefers to grow in hardwood forests, parks, gardens. Poplar is grown in parks and Alleyne plantings and streets.
Breeding of poplar
Poplar is propagated by seeds and cuttings. Seeds to propagate the plant is not very easy, so this method is used experienced foresters. Poplar seeds are small, so they are difficult to sow. Poplar can reproduce by self-seeding as the seeds are able to fly long distances. After collecting the seeds, they must be immediately sown in the soil. For poplar need to collect earrings, in which boxes of seeds have already been disclosed. Multiply poplar can and collecting poplar fluff, which is opal on the ground, however, in this case, get either different types of poplar, or hybrid.
Sowing seeds is carried out as follows: seeds are scattered on the soil on top and spray them with water so that the hairs slapelis, and the seeds remained on the soil surface. Seed on top of soil fill is not necessary. If the weather is dry, then cover the seeds with a film.
Poplar can be breed from cuttings. Better, and much easier to use for the cultivation of woody cuttings, because they root faster in the first year will give the developed seedlings. Harvested cuttings in the spring, even before leaves. To cut the stem at the branches last year. For a large number of seedlings cut into short cuttings (no more than 12 cm). Each cutting should have at least 2 buds. Plantedthe cuttings as early as possible and rows. Between cuttings it is necessary to observe a distance of 10 cm, as if to plant them thicker, you get small plants. Bury the cuttings so that the buds remain above the soil surface.
Immediately after planting, cutting into the soil to produce water to the cuttings rooted quickly. The plants watered every day until the moment when the young shoots will grow to 15 cm And in further shoots water only on demand, i.e. when the weather is dry.
Useful properties of poplar
Poplar contains a large amount of nutrients that are used for colds, insomnia and various diseases. The plant has anti-inflammatory, healing, astringent and analgesic properties. Poplar is used as a good diaphoretic and antimicrobial drug. Due to the content in the plant essential oil it is used as an expectorant and a means of normalizing the work of gastrointestinal tract.
A decoction of the poplar bark has anti-malarial properties. In addition, the same decoction helps with fever, gout, sciatica and rheumatism. The ointment prepared from the buds of poplar, is a disinfectant, which is used to lower the temperature, getting rid of joint pain. Poplar ointment used for Trichomonas vaginitis, various fungal skin diseases, ulcers, alopecia and other diseases.
The use of black poplarTraditional medicine is actively using alcohol tincture of black poplar in malaria, tuberculosis, scurvy, cystitis and certain diseases of the bladder. Tincture of poplar use of women who have scanty menstruation. Of poplar make a poultice, which is used in the event of damage to tendons ligaments and nerves. Fresh juice from the leaves of the poplar are used for getting rid of toothache. And juice you can remove the noise in the ear and get rid of ringing in the head. Infusion of poplar is used in dermatitis, gynecological diseases and ulcers.
Tincture of the buds of poplar. Take 1 tablespoon of the buds of poplar and pour them a glass of vodka or alcohol. Stir and leave for 14 days to infuse in a cool place. Strain the finished tincture, it is used 15 drops three times a day for various diseases, including gastric cancer.
A decoction of the poplar. Take fresh leavespoplar and grind them. 1 tablespoon leaves of plants pour a glass of boiling water and put 7 minutes on the fire. After removing from heat, leave for 30 minutes to stand, and then filtered. Take broth 1 tablespoon three times a day before meals.
The oil on the buds of poplar. To make it, take 10 grams of poplar buds and 100 ml of vegetable oil and put the composition on the fire for half an hour. After removing from heat, the medium is filtered and applied externally for ulcers and other diseases and internally as a painkiller for rheumatism, gout, 1 teaspoon three times a day.
Ointment of poplar. Prepare it as follows: take the poplar buds and grind them into a powder. The finished powder in the amount of three tablespoons mixed with the same amount of butter. Store this oil in refrigerator for 10 days.
The infusion of the kidneys. Take a half Cup of dry kidney poplar pour 200 ml of boiling water. Leave for half an hour to infuse. The finished mass is applied to the sore spot, every day changing the bandage (compress). Data bandage and compress is used for sprains or different nerve damage.
Fresh juice when you tinnitus and the ringing in my head. Taking fresh leaves of the poplar, they squeeze out the juice, which is buried in the ear. Dripping into the ear, the juice of the poplar, the ear needs a little pull.
Contraindications to the use of poplar
Poplar does not have any contraindications to use, however, people with cardiovascular disease should be restricted in its use.