Useful properties, cultivation and application recipes strawberry
Botanical characteristics of wild strawberryThe wild strawberry is a perennial plant belonging to the family Rosaceae. Rhizomes horizontal, short, with numerous thin roots. Leaves with long petioles starting from the top of the rhizome of wild strawberries. From the axils of the leaves of the plants appear aboveground shoots, there are two types: vegetative and generative.
Vegetative shoots are called "whiskers"of strawberries. They are long, prostrate and take root on their own. At the nodes of the already established formed leaves, from the axils of which appear both kinds of shoots. This is how the vegetative propagation of plants – strawberry. Generative shoots end with a inflorescence of a few flowers. The height of each such escape is about 25 cm.
Dark green leaves are oval-rombovuyu shapes and have a complex structure. Strawberry flowers are on long stalks. The fruit of the strawberry is a berry with a bright red color with a pleasant aroma. In may begins the mass flowering of a plant which lasts the whole month. However, there are plants that bloom a little later. Ripening occurs in June-July.
Strawberries can be seen in the European regions of Russia, of Eurasia and Western Siberia. This berry prefers to grow on forest edges, glades, meadows, among shrubs on slopes and roads. And rich her growth was seen in the field of forest fires and forest clearings. Thanks to its"mustache" strawberries quickly and easily covers the new square.
Useful properties of strawberries
Strawberry – berry-standing on the first place in iron content, vitamin E, folic acid and calcium. The leaves and roots of strawberries are rich in tannins, alkaloids and essential oils. Tea of strawberries helps with inflammation of the mucous membrane. In addition, the leaves and rhizome of strawberries have a diuretic effect, heal wounds, treat ulcers and reduce the spleen. Rasstavayas teeth and weak gums can be strengthened through rinse decoction of strawberries.
The strawberry is also useful for the human body. The fruit of the plant contains minerals, sugars, pectins, acids, fiber, vitamins and essential oils. They not only improve the appetite and normalize digestion.
The cultivation and care of strawberriesThis berryprefers bright and Sunny areas with loose soil. For the cultivation of the wild strawberry the best fit smooth surface. Before planting strawberries, you need to prepare the soil, namely, to dig, fertilize and remove weeds. Already used soil in recent times is a very good option for planting strawberries. For example, after the harvested radish at his place with peace of mind to plant strawberries, but only after making compost. A year later after planting very good it will make the soil ash.
Strawberry seedlings are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other. But many gardeners prefer the other method of planting strawberries. This method involves planting of plants, shrubs and throughout the year do nothing with it. In the period of ripening berries weak and lifeless sockets were removed with pruning shears or scissors.
Care. Over the summer, plants are produced "whiskers". In order that the nutrients are not left for the growth of these "whiskers", they need to remove and then all the substances will go into ripening plants. Strawberries need timely weeding. She especially needs weeding after the rain. Mulching with straw also will not be superfluous to plants, on the contrary, it strawberries will not be contaminated, will retain moisture and prevent from diseases. Strawberries need regular watering, and it is desirable that the water was warm. The plant can not be planted elsewhere 5 or even 6 years.
The use of forest strawberries
For therapeutic purposes, using berries, roots and wild strawberry leaves. Fresh strawberries help in atherosclerosis, neurasthenia, gastric ulcers and insomnia. As well as the berries in fresh form is used in urolithiasis, gout, diseases of the liver and spleen. Decoctions and infusions of strawberry leaves are used folk healers with rickets, gout, colitis, jaundice, diabetes and bronchitis. Rash, ringworm and pimples can be removed with a compress on the decoction is strawberry leaves.
The infusion of herbs and leaves of plants is an excellent means of warning and treating a cold. Infusion of leaves of strawberry are very useful in the early stages of hypertension, as it dilates blood vessels and slows down the rhythm of heartbeats.
Strawberries help restore strength, cure diarrhea in children and help with anemia. The fruits of this plant have vitamin and antiallergenic action, have a choleretic and diuretic properties. In addition, these berries can normalize the metabolism. Due to the properties of strawberry from the body toxins andcholesterol. The strawberries contain vitamins with different anthocyanin compounds thanks to which the plant is protected from radiation.
The infusion of gathering herbs for kidney stones. For its preparation take 40 grams of strawberries, 30 grams of leaves of nettle, 30 grams of horsetail herb, 40 grams of rose hips and 30 grams of birch buds. Now take 2 tablespoons of prepared collection, and fill them with 200 ml of boiling water. Put the composition in a water bath for half an hour. After the water bath, the infusion is ready, pour it into the thermos and leave for an hour. Take this medication for 200 ml three times a day an hour before meals.
A decoction of strawberries to rinse the mouth for toothache. For its preparation take 2 tablespoons of strawberry leaves and 1 teaspoon of mint, mix them and pour them a glass of boiling water. Leave it for 5 minutes to infuse, then don't forget to porediti. Ready broth rinse your mouth with the tooth pain a few times a day. Decoction for rinsing should be used in the form of heat.
A decoction of strawberry hemorrhoids. For its preparation you need to take 1 teaspoon of leaves of the plant (pre-crushed) and pour 100 ml of boiling water. Leave it for 20 minutes and strain. This broth do enemas and wash hemorrhoids.
Fresh or dried steamed leaves applied to purulent wounds or old sores. The leaves relieve the wound of pus and lead to a more rapid healing of injuries.
A decoction of strawberry tonic. Taking 200 grams of dried fruits of strawberry, they poured two liters of boiling water. Then everything is put on low heat for 10 minutes. After removing from heat, leave the decoction to brew for 2 hours. Strain the resulting tool. Take it 100-200 ml three to five times a day.
Contraindications to the use of strawberry
Some people because of the consumption of strawberries can appear the symptoms of allergies. Pregnant women is contraindicated, infusion of leaves of plants, as it is a means to improve tone of the uterus and strengthens its contractions.
From strawberries it is better to stay away from people with appendicitis, a duodenal ulcer and gastroduodenitis.