Mother and stepmother
Properties and use of the plant mother and stepmother
Characteristics of mother and stepmother
| Mother and stepmother belongs to perennial herbs of the family Compositae. In medicine the leaves mother and stepmother used in sweatshops and breast fees as well as the herb can be used as an excellent expectorant agent. |
The color of flowers Golden-yellow, flowers, regional – reed, middle – tubular, pistillate. Flowers mother and stepmother bisexual. The basal leaves appear after the plant bloomed, have rounded-heart-shaped, slightly angular, fairly thick, has uneven teeth on edge, the bottom and top of leaves white-tomentose. When you touch the leaves, they seem warm, upper surface naked, cold. Achenes have a mother and stepmother with a tuft.
Mother and stepmother usually grows on clay slopes, hills, over the cliffs of the rivers, all sorts of embankments, vacant lots, and, like any weed, can grow in the fields.
Cooking mother and stepmotherTo prepare the infusion of leaves mother and stepmother will need 5 grams of raw material, i.e., a tablespoon of dried leaves, which are covered in an enamel bowl. After the leaves, pour 200 ml of hot boiled water, close lid and heated in a water bath for 15 min., the composition must be frequently stirred. After the infusion should be cooled at room temperature 45 minutes and thoroughly drain. Once infusion is ready, the remaining raw herbs need to be carefully overcome. The number of the resulting infusion is necessary to bring boiled water to 200 ml. Ready infusion can be stored in a cool place for two days, but no more. To use the tool should be in the form of heat 2-3 times a day for 1/3–1/2 Cup, approximately 1 hour before eating, infusion is used as expectorant means.
Another way to prepare the mother-and-stepmother, is as follows: 5 g of leaves pour 200 ml of boiling water, after the composition should be boiled for 10 minutes, to insist at room temperature for about 10-15 minutes after the broth should drain. Medication to use the recommended 1 tbsp 3-4 times a day.
To make juice from the leaves mother and stepmother need to take raw fresh, collected in June. The leaves are carefully rinsed with water, after which they must pour over boiling water, mince and the resulting mass is thoroughly overcome. Fresh prepared juice should be diluted with water in proportion 1:1, then it is necessary to boil for 2-3 min.Take the juice 3 times a day after meals for 1 tablespoon. Treatment juice mother and stepmother lasts 7 to 10 days.
Treatment of a cold fresh juice mother and stepmother is, need to be instilled into each nostril 2-3 drops of juice.
If you have problems with hair loss and profuse dandruff, good help decoction mother and stepmother, mixed with a decoction of nettles. Collect flowers of grass mother and stepmother have in early spring, about noon, and must be a nice, Sunny day.
To cook the alcohol infusion of mother and stepmother, it is necessary to take in equal parts flowers and alcohol, then leave everything in a dark place for 7 days, but not less. To take this infusion should drops, from 30 to 40 drops shortly before a meal.
The beneficial properties of mother and stepmother
Mother and stepmother contain a large amount of mucus, which has a shielding effect on the mucous membrane of the mouth of man, as well as the throat and larynx, helping to protect from irritation. In addition to the mucus, this plant contains saponins and organic acids, which contribute to softening, liquefaction of dry discharge in the upper respiratory tract, contribute to the recovery process the natural movement of the ciliated epithelium in the trachea and bronchi. Thus, due to the properties of mother and stepmother accelerates the process of evacuation of the products of the inflammatory process, as well as this herb promotes expectoration due to the content of tannins, carotenoids and sterols, which have clearly directed at the elimination of inflammatory processes, reduces the hyperemia of the mucous membranes.
Traditional medicine recommends the infusion of the leaves mother and stepmother, as an expectorant, disinfectant and, of course, anti-inflammatory agents in almost all diseases of the upper respiratory ways system. Also, infusion of leaves mother and stepmother used in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract as a means of having astringent properties.
Mother-and-stepmother in folk medicine, love, cook her concoctions, infusions, and also make the juice, all of these funds are used for the treatment of tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, pleurisy, pneumonia, influenza, the common cold.
In addition, the mother-and-stepmother is able to treat toothache, inflammation of the mouth, arthritis, myositis, allergies, epilepsy, malaria, edema, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal diseases, gastric ulcer, gastritis, heart disease, bladder and kidney. Mother-and-stepmother can be applied topically fortreat mastitis, boils, erysipelas, ulcers, burns, as well as this herb strengthens the hair and helps combat dandruff with a rich. Folk medicine advises to take an infusion of leaves and flowers mother and stepmother at tracheitis, laryngitis, gastritis, enteritis, cystitis, nephritis, hypertension, as well as in the nervous system. A tea made from the mother-and-stepmother, drink in exudative diathesis, with General weakness of the body.
Collecting and drying the mother and stepmotherAs we know, mother and stepmother medicinal raw materials are leaves, which start in early summer, after about 2-3 weeks after obsemenjajutsja baskets, this happens usually in June-July. Baskets need to break off with your hands, capturing approximately 5 cm petiole, it is done immediately after the dew disappears. When collecting leaves you should not pick very young leaves, which are pubescent on both sides, not worth to collect the leaves, rusted, and those that begin to turn yellow. Collect leaves mother and stepmother to the workpiece away from places where animals and walk the dogs.
Drying of the collected materials, in the attic room, or in any other way, as well as outdoors, laying out the leaves in a thin layer. When the process of drying leaves, they must once or twice carefully flip over so that both sides of the leaves were drying evenly. Drying raw materials also possible and dryers, where there's artificial heating, maintaining temperature at 50-60 °C. the Raw material can be stored for three years.
Collect flower baskets mother and stepmother are required at the beginning of the flowering herbs, it is around March-April, tearing the basket should be the same as the leaves, hands it should remove the remains of the stem that may remain on the basket. Drying baskets mother and stepmother should in the shade, spread out in one thin line. Such raw material can be stored for two years.
A larger number of workpieces of this herb is done in Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, Russia – in Voronezh and Volgograd.
Contraindications to the use of mother and stepmother
Mother and stepmother is contraindicated in children up to two years. Not worth it to drink also pregnant women and women in lactation. You shouldn't use drugs from this plant to those people who have liver problems, this includes people who are ill with alcoholism. The treatment mother-and-stepmother should not exceed six weeks per year.