Useful properties and applications ranks
Description ranksRank belongs to the genus of herbs of the legume family. Herbaceous plants have rhizomes and tubers. The stems in most species of the plant quadrangular, often decumbent, twining tendrils for support, twining, sometimes erect. Dneprospezstal leaves, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, on the end of a tendril. Flowers methylcoumarine.
The inflorescence is one, sometimes two white, yellow, orange, blue-violet, purple violet, pink flower. The fruit is a pod with two wings – contains angular, wedge-shaped seeds. 150 types of officials spread out in the Northern hemisphere, in South America, Africa, the Mediterranean countries, the far East and in China.
Useful properties of ranks
The rank contains ascorbic acid, carotene, flavonoids quercetin and kaempferol, protein, vitamin P, organic acids, alkaloids, leucoanthocyanins. From mineral substances in the roots and the leaves are manganese, copper, iron, chromium, and aluminum. Herb in folk medicine used as softening, expectorant and anti-inflammatory. It transmits the human body biologically active substances phenols and arbutin.
The use of ranks
Drug types of ranks are used in chronic bronchitis, tracheitis, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis. A decoction of the roots of rank is applied in acute diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the cardiovascular system, insomnia, thrombophlebitis, and dyspepsia. It is used for hypovitaminosis, decreased immunity and colds.
A decoction of ranks: 1/10 or 1/15 of a teaspoon minced raw brew on slow heat for 10 minutes in 1 Cup of boiling water. Take 1 tablespoon every 2-3 hours.
With diarrhea and cardiac problems drinking infusions, recipes which came to us from depth of centuries.
Recipe No. 1: brew 0,6–0,8 g per 200 ml of boiling water, take 1 tablespoon every 2-3 hours.
Recipe No. 2: it is necessary to take 10 g grades in 250 ml of boiling water, to insist 4 hours, strain, take internally a teaspoon every 2-3 hours.
Recipe No. 3: 10 g of crushed roots, pour 200 ml of boiling water,to insist 6 hours.
Bob ranks contains two to five seeds. They have a tetrahedral form. The color of the shell is yellow-white, grey or brown. Cotyledons are yellow. Seeds ranks can be of different sizes. The chemical composition of the seed ranks consists of large amounts of protein, there is a small percentage of fat. For information on admission, for therapeutic purposes do not exist.
Growing the stem grows 3-4 large flower, depending on the variety they come in different colors, all with a pleasant aroma. You can meet bicolor plants. For the treatment of any disease flowers are not used.
Rank grassland is a perennial herbaceous plant. Its rhizome thin, long and winding. Stem hollow, much branched. The leaves are petiolate, alternate, lanceolate, on the tip of a tendril. The flowers are yellow, original shape, like the flowers of acacia, constitute a one-sided brush. Black fruits-beans – oblong. Some sources contain information about what the native habitat of the herb – South of Siberia, whence it spread to the Mediterranean area. Today there are other places of growth of plants: this area of Europe, North Africa, Western and Central Asia. Mongolia, China, North America and the Japanese Islands are also populated with the reason for meadow.
The rank of broadleaf
The rank of broadleaf or perennial pea, is a beautiful climbing plant. It grows in the wild of the Crimea, the Mediterranean, Western Europe. This species can be cultivated in the North-West of Russia. In the gardens gardeners plants are grown with white, purple and pink flowers. The rank latifolia has a powerful taproot growing deep into the soil and forming mnogochlenami adventitious roots.
Numerous, branched, shirokorulonnye stems, leafy tendrils clinging for support, hovering, high climbing up and laying on the ground in the absence of support. The cultural forms of the flowers are collected in dense brush.
Groundnut PeavineA perennial herb the tuberous rite of the legume family has thin rhizome with brown edible tubers. The stalk is erect, costate. Properities leaves, with oblong, elliptical leaves. The flowers are dark pink, clustered in racemes. During flowering, the plant exudes a pleasant aromatic smell. Fruit – legume, linear, cylindrical, browncolor.
The locus of this kind – the steppe slopes, meadows, forest edges, clearings in the forest-steppe zone. Medicinal properties of the plant are not fully understood, revealed the presence of fat and protein. Used groundnut Peavine with diarrhea. The tubers are boiled in salt water, it is edible.
Contraindications to the use of ranks
As medicine rite meadow is used only in folk medicine. When applied intelligently, the side effects were not observed, although it is known that overdose can cause nervous disorders.