Useful properties and applications of Butterbur
Botanical characteristics of ButterburButterbur is a herbaceous perennial plant that has a thick horizontal rhizome. The root is the upper layer of the soil or on the soil surface. The large basal leaves have a rounded shape, with irregularly toothed edges. The tall reddish flower stems can reach 60 cm of the stems are seated surround the large leaves. After flowering they form interesting rosettes.
Dirty-purple flowers have a strong scent. Elegant flower baskets presented to the brushes. The fruit is expressed achene with Pappus. Butterbur flowers in April and early may, fruiting in mid-may. This plant prefers to settle along rivers, in ravines and near ponds. Butterbur grows in the Central and southern regions of Russia.
The beneficial properties of Butterbur
The rhizomes of this plant was discovered tannins, triterpene saponins, volatile oil, alkaloids, resinous substances, flavonoids, inulin, betasol, mucus, tannins, a large number of manganese and organic acids.
The leaves of the Butterbur can boast of the same chemical composition. In the flowers contain flavonoids two times more than in the roots. This unique plant has diaphoretic, antispasmodic, expectorant, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulation and antihelminthic properties. In addition, it should also be noted its analgesic and healing action.
The use of Butterbur
For wound healing it is recommended to attach the crushed fresh leaves of this plant. Along with that Butterbur is an effective means to reduce and eliminate swollen areas on the body. This requires the use of the medical infusion. To prepare it you will need 2 tsp. of raw and one Cup of boiling water. Infuse the mixture should be at least one hour, after which it taking 50 grams 4 times a day.
The use of leaves of Butterbur in other drugs, can cure anatsidnyh gastritis and diseases of the bladder. In rheumatic and gouty pains prescribe dressings from the brewed leaves of this plant.
The roots of Butterbur. To prepare the broth take 2 tsp. dried roots and pour them with a glass of hot water. You then boil the mixture for 15 minutes, then it needs to steep for one hour. To make a decoction is necessary during acute respiratory infections and peptic ulcer disease for 30 ml tofive times a day.
Butterbur drugThis herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family grows to two meters in height, creating very dense thickets. It begins flowering in April, delighting the tiny red flowers are collected in baskets. Large lower leaves of the Butterbur drug can reach 30 cm in length. For medicinal purposes they are used.
The leaves should be harvested in August, when there are rusty spots. A decoction of the leaves is used in colds, cough, inflammation, bruises and wounds, and in ulcers and boils. Is diaphoretic, expectorant and pain reliever is also prescribed for the destruction of helminthic parasites.
Petasites hybridus is a very common plant which is often found at the bottom of ravines and on river banks. Strong flowering stem is decorated with a dense cover of leaves greenish-beet color. A rather dense inflorescence after a certain period of time, in the sky, in an interesting long brush. Petasites hybridus has dark pink flowers and rounded leaves with heart-shaped form.
Wide Butterbur is a perennial, which has a branched rhizome. The maximum height of the thickets of this plant can reach five feet. Dense spike-like inflorescences appear in early spring, after the snow melts. In late spring develop powerful large leaves on rather long petioles. It should be noted that in the fall they die at the first frost.
Butterbur is widely accepted in Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands and in Japan. This plant prefers lowland floodplain forests, mountain valleys. Butterbur is often settles along the banks of rivers and small streams. From the flowers of this unique plant can cook a great tool to improve digestion.
Delicious Japanese Butterbur – this is a gorgeous ornamental plant whose height may reach no more than 45 cm Such Butterbur is often used as a groundcover due to which reduces the growth of weeds. This grass has pale yellow flowers, which are assembled in perfect spherical inflorescences. Theyappear at the end of April, so several months earlier characoidei large leaves.
Butterbur aboutAbout Butterbur is a perennial plant with long creeping rhizome. Fluffy grows a stem up to 20 cm in height. It is covered with lanceolate scale-like leaves. Many of the baskets expressed in angled inflorescence. When fruits are larger. Cylindrical achenes with a size of about 2 mm have a slightly ribbed form. The briefing at about Butterbur silver.
The habitat of this plant is presented by Siberia, Europe, Central Asia. About Butterbur prefers to live on sandy shores of lakes and rivers, often forming a continuous thickets.
Cold Butterbur is a perennial herb with a basal triangular leaves and long creeping root. Fluffy cold Butterbur stalk reaches a height of 40 cm, with fruits he can grow up to 70 cm Stem scaly leaves ovate at the end have unusual embryonic disc. Basket this kind of Butterbur reaches a length of 13 mm, while its width is 5 mm.
Presents the plant can be found in Northern Eurasia. Cold Butterbur chooses sedge and peat bogs, banks of streams, mossy tundra and forest hollows.
This poisonous herb should be used with definite caution, respecting the recommended dosage. In addition, Butterbur is contraindicated in pregnancy at any time.